|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|156402||2018||70 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||16063 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Journal of African Earth Sciences, Volume 143, July 2018, Pages 278-300
The lithofacies analysis of the Sidi AÃ¯ch Formation and equivalents in Tunisia and adjacent parts of Algeria was carried out using probabilistic and quantitative approach as Discrete Time Markov Chain (DTMC) and entropy functions coupled with detailed sedimentary analyses with a view to decipher the Late Barremian depositional history. The Late Barremian successions exhibit asymmetric, fining-upward and retrograding to aggrading cycles in both outcrop and borehole data. Complete cycles typically start with intraformational conglomerates or trough and planar cross-stratified coarse sands, overlain by fine-grained sands, which are succeeded, in turn, by laminated sands, silts, clays and carbonates, and ends with paleosoils. Such ideal succession of lithofacies is observed at Zemlet el Baidha Hill in Tunisia and OuM.1 borehole in northeast Algeria marked by high values of entropy. The entropy analysis indicates deposition in a neritic environment with interplay of fluvial (and rarely alluvial) processes. The facies associations observed at Zemlet el Baidha Hill document evidences of wave and tide dominated coast with complex-gradient of environments that graded from neritic (upper to lower shoreface) to coastal settings (lagoons, embayments, restricted bays, mires, swamps etc.). The architecture of lithofacies appears to have been controlled by autocyclic processes (effects of local tectonics, basin bathymetry, lateral redistribution of deposits by longshore waves and tide currents) and allocyclic processes (global decrease of relative sea-level and sediments supply). Due to large salinity variations, wave action, ephemeral and local aspects of these marginal environments, the ichnodiversity was often limited in time and space, and inhibited the development of fossils during the onset of deposition of Sidi AÃ¯ch Formation and its equivalents.