نوسانات برداشت محصول القاء شده: بینش از یک سیاست مدیریت آستانه
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|15691||2007||6 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||2030 کلمه|
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Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Mathematical Biosciences, , Volume 205, Issue 1, January 2007, Pages 77-82
In this work, it is shown that in a deterministic context, a threshold policy can induce cyclic behavior in an otherwise exploited stable population. These dynamics ensue as a result of the combination of the degree of harvesting pressure and more protective threshold densities. Virtual equilibrium in variable structure systems plays a determinant role in this dynamical outcome.
Harvesting has been a subject of theoretical studies in population as well as in community dynamics. It has been considered a factor of stabilization , destabilization , anomalous enhancement of mean population levels , induced fluctuations , and control of non-native predators . In this context threshold management policies for exploited populations  have also been investigated so as to provide higher yields in a demographic and environmental stochastic setting  and . Jonzén et al.  demonstrate that in a stochastic context, harvest per se may cause a population with damped internal dynamics to undergo quasi-cyclic fluctuations if the harvest fraction is time variant. A similar behavior comes about when an adaptive harvest strategy (e.g., a higher harvesting fraction when the population is increasing than when it is decreasing) or a threshold harvest strategy (a proportion of the population is captured above a threshold density) is applied. It is pointed out then that the potential role of harvesting as an external noise factor keeping periodical fluctuations going should be treated in detail. Especially when in some exploited populations harvesting is the most important source of mortality and potentially an equally important source of variability. In this work, it is shown that in a deterministic context, a threshold policy where two time invariant specific quotas are captured depending on whether the population is above or below a specified threshold level, can induce cyclic behavior in an otherwise stable population. These dynamics ensue not only as a result of the population dependent harvesting, but rather as a combination of the chosen threshold level and the capture quotas. Interestingly, this occurs when a more protective (i.e., higher) threshold is designed to control harvesting. Since in general, threshold management policies creates two structures in the population models (different harvesting intensities), the analysis bears upon the concept of variable structure systems  and  and virtual equilibrium points  and . As will be shown next, the latter plays a predominant role in the creation of the ultimate cyclic dynamics. The outline of the work is as follows. In Section 2, the mathematical definition of the threshold strategy is laid out. In Section 3, the proposed strategy is applied to the Ricker model. In Section 4, a discussion of the dynamical results is made.