|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|157123||2017||8 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||7959 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Women's Studies International Forum, Volume 61, MarchâApril 2017, Pages 20-27
âGender regime changeâ is regarded as an inevitable global process. Today, the âstatus of womenâ unprecedentedly becomes the âbarometerâ of societies and the measure of the advancement of civilizations. The contemporary international gender regime is based on a system of so-called modern values and, as the historical records indicate, the United States has been prominent in defining the global âstatus of womenâ, its norms and mechanisms. The present study takes Hillary Clinton's tenure at the Department of State (2009â2013) as a synopsis of American history during which the status of women became a âcornerstoneâ of American foreign policy. It delves into the concept of the âHillary Effectâ as a definitive factor in the US' engagement policy with Muslim women in the Middle East and North Africa. Its argument is that the US employs academic exchanges and university-oriented programs to mobilize new generations of Muslim women scholars as the sources of âchangeâ and âdemocratizationâ in the region. Two major projects including TechWomen and NeXXt Scholars Initiative are examined as the case studies to give an overview of the US' major educational strategies overseas. The results indicate the mentioned strategies to include: a) inspiring women for future leadership and democratization, b) prioritizing the English language as the medium to communicate, c) setting programs based on bilateral willingness, d) inspiring a sense of empowerment, expanding membership in, and finally nurturing the sense of belonging to American culture and political thought.