|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|157767||2018||38 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||7668 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Journal of African Earth Sciences, Volume 139, March 2018, Pages 463-479
This study characterizes the lithofacies, paleoenvironment and stratigraphic architecture of the D5 and D6 members of carbonates Dhruma Formation outcrops in central Saudi Arabia. The study integrates detailed lithofacies analysis based on vertical and lateral profiles, in addition to thin-sections petrography to reveal the high-resolution architecture framework. Nine lithofacies types (LFTs) were defined namely: (1) skeletal peletal spiculitic wackestone (15%), (2) peloidal echinoderm packstone (19%), (3) fissile shale (36%), (4) peloidal spiculitic echinoderm pack-grainstone (5%), (5) cross-bedded peloidal skeletal oolitic grainstone (7%), (6) oolitic grainstone (2%), (7) intraformational rudstone (<1%), (8) skeletal peloidal foraminiferal packstone (12%) and (9) skeletal foraminiferal wackestone (4%). These lithofacies types were grouped into five major carbonate paleoenvironments that range from distal-to-proximal carbonate ramp setting. The detailed stratigraphic analysis revealed around 53 cycles and cycle sets with 5th to 6th orders magnitude, and thickness ranges from a few centimeters up to 6Â m with an average of 1.5Â m. Those are stacked to form four high-frequency sequences with thickness range from 1Â m up to 14Â m. The latter were grouped into a single depositional sequence of 3rd order magnitude. The architectural analysis also shows that the potential reservoir units were intensively affected by muddy-textured rocks which act as reservoir seals. These variations in the stratigraphic sequences in Middle Jurassic Dhruma Formation and its equivalents could be attributed to the eustatic sea-level changes, climate, tectonics, and local paleoenvironments. This study attempts to provide detailed insight into reservoir heterogeneity and architecture. The analog may help to understand and predict lithofacies heterogeneity, architecture, and quality in the subsurface equivalent reservoirs.