دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 15780
عنوان فارسی مقاله

انگیزه شروع : سیاست کارآفرینی یا برنامه فعال بازار کار ؟

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
15780 2013 25 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.
عنوان انگلیسی
Start-up incentives: Entrepreneurship policy or active labour market programme?
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Journal of Business Venturing, Volume 28, Issue 1, January 2013, Pages 151–175

کلمات کلیدی
راه اندازی فرآیند - سرمایه اجتماعی - چرخه های کسب و کار - نهادهای بازار کار - اروپا -
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پیش نمایش مقاله انگیزه شروع : سیاست کارآفرینی یا برنامه فعال بازار کار ؟

چکیده انگلیسی

As several European governments develop new start-up programmes during recessions, the appropriateness of these policies recently has become a hot policy issue. This study suggests that the contribution of these incentives is dubious, if aimed to combat economic and jobs crises as part of the entrepreneurship policy, and can be shaped by various country-specific factors, such as the economic situation and the stringency of labour laws. To provide support for these claims, this paper investigates the underlying determinants of an individual's decision to switch from unemployment to self-employment in Europe and stresses the need to devote special attention to the role of three essential dimensions: (i) the existing heterogeneity within self-employment, by considering self-employed individuals who hire employees (employers) and self-employed individuals without personnel (own-account workers) as separated groups

مقدمه انگلیسی

The European entrepreneurship policy has traditionally highlighted the need to create the best possible micro and macro-environment for small business and entrepreneurship. However, as a clear sign of the distance between political speech and political action, its more remarkable initiatives have revealed a marked bias in favour of measures promoting transitions from unemployment to self-employment, which has been used as an instrument within the active labour market policies as a way to reduce unemployment. Nevertheless, because the self-employed can be considered a heterogeneous group, wherein only a minority hire other workers and/or are entrepreneurs in the sense of creating firms that generate both innovation and wealth, more self-employment is not necessarily better. Furthermore, entrepreneurs should not be viewed as isolated and autonomous decision makers but as actors involved in a particular micro and macro context. Understanding how these context-related factors may affect the relative weight of true entrepreneurs over other categories within self-employment could be crucial in improving the effectiveness of the measures aimed to stimulate self-employment among the unemployed.

نتیجه گیری انگلیسی

As several European governments show a renewed interest in the development and implementation of new start-up programmes during recessions, the appropriateness of these policies is likely to enter the arena of present policy debate. Nevertheless, because the self-employed can be considered a heterogeneous group, among which only a minority of self-employed people contribute to job creation, economic growth and innovation, more self-employment is not necessarily better. Furthermore, entrepreneurs should not be viewed as isolated and autonomous decision makers but as actors involved in a particular micro and macro context. Understanding how these context-related factors may affect the relative weight of true entrepreneurs over other categories within self-employment could be crucial in improving the effectiveness of measures aimed to stimulate self-employment among the unemployed.

خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.