|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|158512||2017||40 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||12089 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Building and Environment, Volume 122, September 2017, Pages 171-183
This study reveals the inter-relationships and relative influences among factors affecting thermal comfort and acceptability of thermal environment in urban parks for both summer and winter periods. In addition to microclimatic and physiological factors, the psychological impacts due to perception of amount of environmental features present in parks and the immediate visibility of park features on thermal comfort and thermal acceptability have been revealed in this study. 1000 valid questionnaire survey responses together with the microclimatic conditions monitored concurrently inside three urban parks in Hong Kong were used to formulate path models for revealing the interrelationships among factors affecting thermal comfort and thermal acceptability. Microclimatic conditions displayed an indirect relationship with thermal comfort via thermal sensation (Summer: Pearson correlation rÂ =Â â0.297, Winter: rÂ =Â 0.309). Thermal comfort and thermal acceptability were determined to be directly affected by the thermal sensation of an individual. Thermal comfort in parks in summer could be improved if more trees, water ponds, or shade provisions were perceived to be present in parks (rÂ =Â 0.142, 0.084 and 0.060). The thermal acceptability of park visitors in summer could be improved by having more trees, water ponds, or shade provisions visible in the immediate vicinity (rÂ =Â 0.115, 0.088 and 0.042). However, significant correlations between the amount of environmental features perceived to be present in parks and thermal comfort were observed only for summer but not for winter. The findings arising from this study should provide valuable insights for improving the thermal environment in urban parks.