|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|158615||2018||9 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||7354 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Ocean & Coastal Management, Volume 157, 1 May 2018, Pages 248-256
Results show that Faro Beach residents possess significant knowledge on coastal hazards and awareness of risks that derive mainly from life experience. Other sources of information (environmental education campaigns, public discussions and formal education) are mostly irrelevant for residents. Their risk perception is relatively high, but they believe hazards are not that dangerous and are distant in time; consequently, their preparedness towards risks is low. Residents' risk perception is related to their length of residence at the beach (mostly >10 years), their âpositiveâ past experience with hazards, that never resulted in fatalities, and their psychological distance in relation to threats, all of which may hamper residents' preparedness in case of disaster. Other behavioural barriers, such as mistrust in authorities, externalisation of responsibility, optimism bias, or low self-efficacy, may also hinder their preparation efforts. Authorities' efforts to give more information and education to coastal populations in order to increase risk perceptions or decrease psychological distance may have the opposite effect, given that individuals use a variety of strategies to psychologically cope with threats and thus maintain their psychological well-being. A thorough knowledge of the psychological determinants and responses to coastal risks is thus highly relevant in the context of coastal management.