|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|159363||2017||16 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||4285 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Ultrasonics, Volume 76, April 2017, Pages 10-18
Apodization is a common way to control the sidelobe level of the beampattern. To design the apodization, it is usually assumed that the medium is homogenous with a fixed value of sound speed, despite the fact that the speed may vary by a great value in practical situations. On the other hand, the beamforming performance is highly affected by the speed value. In this paper, the beampattern sensitivity to the speed variations is firstly investigated through both mathematical representations and simulation results showing that the speed errors lead to a sever degradation of the beampattern in terms of both mainlobe width and sidelobe level. Then, we consider an optimization problem robust to the speed variations which minimizes the sidelobe level while maintaining a predefined mainlobe width. Furthermore, the optimization problem is reformulated as a convex problem using semidefinite relaxation (SDR) method to be solved more efficiently. The solutions are evaluated for some exemplary phased arrays at different values of focusing depths and mainlobe widths. The results show that the robust apodization is capable of maintaining the mainlobe properties for all possible values of the speed, while minimizing the sidelobe level. Moreover, the superiority of the robust method against non-robust method is highlighted at lower focusing depths and smaller mainlobe widths.