بررسی سیاست های مدیریت بیماری همه گیر ملی -تجزیه و تحلیل خطر رویکرد نقاط کنترل بحرانی
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|15938||2009||6 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||3982 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Health Policy, , Volume 92, Issue 1, September 2009, Pages 21-26
Analyses of pandemic preparedness policies revealed weaknesses in control systems of European nations. This reinforces the need to support countries in their endeavours to prevent and contain pandemics. A Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points (HACCP) was applied to a generic plan to identify weaknesses in pandemic management policies, in order to develop recommendations for improving national pandemic management systems. Policy components considered in our analysis are command and control, early case detection and disease surveillance, and community containment management. The main critical areas identified in national pandemic control were: communication systems among all institutions and levels involved in pandemic management, guidelines and regulations describing how key personal and institutions should operate during a pandemic, training and dissemination of information to health care personnel involved in outbreak management. The HACCP analysis highlighted the need for agreed communication structures, clear division of responsibilities and harmonised policy guidelines at all levels of pandemic management. Being prepared is the key to successfully coordinate and implement response measures when a pandemic emerges.
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
The HACCP showed that especially rapid and focused communication at administrative level, guidelines to deal with pandemic specific situations and strategies to cope with limited resources are vital for all analysed components. Once again it became evident, that being prepared is the only way to successfully co-ordinate and implement response measures when a pandemic emerges.