در توزیع اطلاعات ورودی به سیستم عادی داده های بازار سهام
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|15986||2004||22 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||7284 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Volume 331, Issues 3–4, 15 January 2004, Pages 617–638
We present our recent studies on the development of a statistical model of stock market data. For some stock market data, the statistical distribution of closing prices normalized by the corresponding traded volumes, fits well a log-normal law. For other stocks, the log-normal law is obtained after application of a detrending procedure. Different schemes for the trend determination are considered.
Time series originating from the stock market have a very complicated character due to a large number of factors influencing the underlying processes. The problem which presents the main interest for practically all researchers working in this area is to anticipate the behavior of stock market giving a certain amount of data. The investigation of the stock prices behavior, started more than 100 years ago with Bachelier's work , is now a rapidly developing direction in mathematics. The formulation of a realistic mathematical model capturing the salient features of the underlying process will serve as a basis for the development of effective mathematical tools for processing stock market data and making a decision. This work is devoted to the analysis of log-normal features of US and EU stocks and indices and can be considered as a first step for development of a statistical model of stock market. The log-normal dependencies in the stock market data have been studied intensively for 30 years, mainly in connection with the price differences and option prices (the Black and Scholes model ). A full review of these investigations can be found in Ref. . A review of models of prices behavior can be found in Ref. . The log-normal properties of the volatility (or related values) in the stock prices and indices are considered in ,  and . The functional relations between price shifts and corresponding transaction sizes have been studied in  and . These investigations show that the impact functions have similar shapes and can be transformed to a single “master curve”. In the present work, we analyze the statistical relations between prices and corresponding traded volumes. The analyzed stock market data are described in Section 2. Two types of data are considered: daily closing prices and daily traded volumes. In Section 3, we show that for some stock market data the statistical distribution of the closing prices normalized by corresponding traded volumes (“price/volume” ratio) fits well the log-normal law. Some other stocks demonstrate a similar distribution after specific transformations. In order to obtain the log-normal distribution for such data, we apply a detrending procedure. Different schemes of the trend determination are described in Section 4. The results of statistical analysis of detrended stock market data are presented in Section 5.
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
The statistical analysis of a wide spectrum of stock market data has demonstrated that for most stocks the distribution of the closing prices normalized by traded volumes (Ξ) fits well the log-normal functions , and . The stocks of some companies are of more complicated character—such data need preliminary application of the detrending procedure. We also have found that the distributions of traded volumes normalized by their trends fit the log-normal functions , and with a reliable accuracy. At the same time, the distributions of closing prices normalized by their trends do not follow the log-normal law. They have a symmetric form (with a high confidence level), which looks like Gaussian distribution, but the corresponding hypothesis is not supported by a statistical criterion. For some stocks there still exist a noticeable disagreement between the distribution of the variable Ξ (price/volume) and the log-normal distribution. In most cases, this disagreement could be overcome by applying the double normalization scheme—the usage of the variable View the MathML source (ratio of detrended prices on detrended volumes). Besides, the statistical distributions of a few stocks and for all analyzed (by us) market indices have a significantly more complicated character and cannot be approximated by a single log-normal function. On the other hand, they are well approximated by the weighted sum of two log-normal distributions. The latter may mean that the structural transitions in the dynamics of the analyzed series occur. This question needs further detailed investigation.