قدرت قانون پراکنش زمان آرام در بازار سهام کره
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|16150||2007||7 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||2603 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Volume 377, Issue 2, 15 April 2007, Pages 576–582
We report the quiet-time probability distribution of the absolute return in the Korean stock-market index. We define the quiet time as a time interval during the absolute return of the stock index that are above a threshold rcrc. Through an exponential bin plot, we observe that the quiet-time distribution (qtd) shows power-law behavior, pf(t)∼t-βpf(t)∼t-β, for a range of threshold values. The quiet-time distribution has two scaling regimes, separated by the crossover time View the MathML sourcetc≈200min. The power-law exponents of the quiet-time distribution decrease when the return time ΔtΔt increases. In the late-time regime, t>tct>tc, the power-law exponents are independent of the threshold within the error bars for the fixed return time. The scaled qtd is characterized by a scaling function such as pf(t)∼(1/T)f(t/T)pf(t)∼(1/T)f(t/T) where the scaling function f(x)∼x-β2f(x)∼x-β2 and T is the average quiet time. The scaling exponents β2β2 depend on the return time ΔtΔt and are independent of the threshold rcrc. The average quiet time follows the power law such as View the MathML sourceT∼rcδ where the exponents δδ depend on the return time ΔtΔt.
In recent decades, the dynamics of stock markets has been studied by a number of methods from statistical physics and complex systems , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,  and . The complex behaviors of economic systems have been found to be very similar to those of other complex systems, customarily studied in statistical physics; in particular, critical phenomena. Stock-market indexes around the world have been precisely recorded for many years and therefore represent a rich source of data for quantitative analysis. The dynamic behaviors of stock markets have been studied by various methods, such as distribution functions , , ,  and , correlation functions ,  and , multifractal analysis , , , , , , , , , ,  and , network analysis , and waiting-time distributions or first-return-time distributions , , , , , , , , , , , ,  and . The quiet-time distributions (qtd's) have been studied for many physical phenomena and systems, such as self-organized criticality , rice piles , sand piles , solar flares , and earthquakes , , , , , ,  and . Studies of qtd have also been performed for many high-frequency financial data sets , , ,  and . Concepts of the continuous-time random walk (CTRW) have also been applied to stock markets ,  and . A power-law distribution for the calm time intervals of the price changes has been observed in the Japanese stock market. The power-law exponent monotonically decreased with respect to the threshold . The probability density function of volatility return interval showed the power law with the exponent -2-2 for both the stock and currency market . In the present work we consider the qtd for the Korean stock-market index Korean Composite Stock Price Index (KOSPI). A quiet time of the absolute return is defined as an interval between a time when the absolute return falls below a fixed threshold rcrc, and the next time it again exceeds rcrc. It therefore corresponds to a relatively calm period in the time series of the stock index. We observed power-law behavior of the qtd over one to two decades in time. The rest of this paper is organized as follows. In Section 2, we introduce the return of the stock index and its probability density function. In Section 3, we present the qtd. Concluding remarks are presented in Section 4.
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
We have considered the probability density function of the absolute return and the quiet-time distribution (qtd) with a cut-off threshold. We observed that the probability density function of the absolute return has a power-law behavior. The exponents αα decrease when the return time ΔtΔt increases. We defined the quiet time of the absolute return by the threshold rcrc. The qtd also shows power-law behavior. When the return time ΔtΔt is less than one day, we observe two scaling regimes, separated by a crossover time around View the MathML sourcetc≈200min. The qtd is characteried by a scaling function. We observe that the scaling exponents are independent of the threshold.