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|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|16155||2006||9 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||3151 کلمه|
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Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Volume 361, Issue 1, 15 February 2006, Pages 263–271
We establish in this study a network structure of the Korean stock market, one of the emerging markets, with its minimum spanning tree through the correlation matrix. Based on this analysis, it is found that the Korean stock market does not form the clusters of the business sectors or of the industry categories. When the MSCI (Morgan Stanley Capital International Inc.) index is exploited, we find that the clusters of the Korean stock market is formed. This finding implicates that the Korean market, in this context, is characteristically different from the mature markets.
The stock price of a given company is a mutual inference of various information, such as company revenue, competition performance, currency policy, business barometers, political situation, and so on. In other words, when the price is estimated, there are numerous complicated factors that must be considered. In the stock market, all companies are interconnected and consequently their stock prices are correlated. This correlation, known as the potential of deep inner impact, forms the stock market network. Network theory has been extended into a wide range of subjects , ,  and . Barabási and Albert (BA) introduced the scale-free network which is constructed by the growth rule and the preferential attachment rule . We consider the preferential attachment rule as the connectivity of an influential company in stock market—a more influential company has more connections with other companies. The interaction strengths between nodes are important in many network systems. Non-binary scale-free network  which takes a continuous weight between 0 and 1 is a proper choice for modeling a stock market. We regard companies as nodes (vertices) of the network, interacting relations between stocks as links (edges) and correlation coefficients as weights. The minimum spanning tree (MST) is widely used to study the stock market since Mantegna first constructed the network based on the correlations . The minimum spanning tree is generated by selecting the most important links. We construct a correlation matrix of N stocks. This matrix is symmetric and diagonal with ρii=1ρii=1. The MST is determined by the distance matrix D where View the MathML sourcedij=2(1-ρij). There have been several attempts to identify the cluster structure ,  and . The MST is very useful to observe the network topology and identify clusters of the market including the stock and foreign exchange (FX) market  and . Bonanno et al. introduced the topological properties of the MSTs through the real and model markets’ dataset . Onnela et al. investigated the dynamical properties of the American market correlations and taxonomy analysis in detail. The S&P500 forms clusters with the business sectors and the portfolio optimization with these clusters is successful. The MST also can be applied to the portfolio analysis in practice . While there has been an abundance of literature concerning mature markets—especially, the US market—relatively little work has been published for emerging markets such as those of Korea, BRICs and Eastern Europe. Emerging markets often lack liquidity and reliable data, so they are generally unstable. These factors make the study of emerging markets more complex. Even the universal features for mature markets cannot be extended to emerging markets for every cases . It seems that the model appropriate to emerging market should be exploited. In this paper, we aim to explore the topological characteristics of the Korean market as a representative emerging market. We construct the non-binary network by following the method introduced and applied for S&P500 companies by Kim et al. . We study the taxonomy and network topology of the Korean market with it.
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
We have studied the Korean stock market and obtained some characteristics that differ from the characteristics of the US market. The pertinent question is, why does the Korean stock market have different properties? One possible reason is the composition of firms. The history of mature markets is longer than that of emerging markets. Thus, the mature markets have many companies including several large firms. In the case of the Korean market, there are only a few large firms, e.g. SEC; these corporations are very large in comparison with others. As such, these large firms are separated from other companies of the market. This accounts for why there are no hubs in the Korean stock market. We don’t know yet whether this is the characteristics of an emerging market or only Korean characteristics. The other is the trading culture and globalization. Foreigners’ trading patterns are much important in the Korean market. Globalization has progressed very rapidly and influence of a few developed countries has become more and more powerful. At present, many stock markets’ synchronization to the US market is observed. In other words, all the markets in the world are synchronized. We may thus find clusters in terms of the MSCI index. If a specified company's stock is included in the MSCI index, it is more synchronized to a foreign market and regarded as a good company's stock to the Korean market. All markets throughout the world have characteristics of their own. We need to study each market with its own properties. The 1997 Asian financial crisis was a very important event to the Korean market. After the crisis, the market's response to the external market is more sensitive . The correlation coefficient of the Korean market is smaller than that of the American market and sometimes shows unusual distribution. The correlation and the MST have more information about the market than this paper's analysis, i.e., average length, positive correlation and negative correlation. The investigation about the points mentioned with the knowledge on the history of the Korean market is our future work.