روشی برای ارزیابی اثربخشی مدیریت مناطق حفاظت شده دریایی
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|16559||2005||18 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||6130 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Ocean & Coastal Management, Volume 48, Issues 7–8, 2005, Pages 485–502
Effective management of marine protected areas (MPAs) requires continuous feedback of information to achieve objectives. In 2000, a collaborative initiative was launched to improve the management of MPAs. The initiative focused on working with managers, planners, and other decision-makers to develop a set of indicators for assessing the effectiveness of MPA use. This initiative was aimed at both enhancing the potential and capability for adaptive management of MPAs, as well as improving our understanding of how effective MPAs that are now being used around the world. This paper presents an overview of the MPA management effectiveness methodology and indicators, summary results of the testing phase of the guidebook at 18 MPAs around the world, and considerations for its application and use as an adaptive management tool for MPAs.
An increasing need exists for the evaluation and understanding of the effectiveness of marine protected areas (MPAs) operating around the world. To meet this need, in 2000 The World Conservation Union (IUCN's) World Commission on Protected Areas—Marine and the World Wide Fund for Nature jointly initiated the MPA Management Effectiveness Initiative (MEI), an international collaborative project designed to create a methodology for planning and conducting performance evaluations of MPA management effectiveness. After a two-year participatory design and development process, the initiative identified and described a set of biophysical, socioeconomic, and governance indicators that can be selected and adapted to fulfill different MPAs’ evaluation needs while accounting for the different resources they have available. MPAs around the world field-tested a draft version of the methodology and indicators, providing feedback and results that were incorporated into a MPA–MEI guidebook. This paper presents an overview of the MPA–MEI methodology and indicators, results of the testing phase of the guidebook at MPAs around the world, and considerations for its application.