یک سیستم پشتیبانی تصمیم سازمانی برای انتخاب پروژه "تحقیق و توسعه" موثر
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|17240||2005||11 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||4666 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Decision Support Systems, Volume 39, Issue 3, May 2005, Pages 403–413
Research and development (R&D) project selection is an important task for organizations with R&D project management. It is a complicated multi-stage decision-making process, which involves groups of decision makers. Current research on R&D project selection mainly focuses on mathematical decision models and their applications, but ignores the organizational aspect of the decision-making process. This paper proposes an organizational decision support system (ODSS) for R&D project selection. Object-oriented method is used to design the architecture of the ODSS. An organizational decision support system has also been developed and used to facilitate the selection of project proposals in the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC). The proposed system supports the R&D project selection process at the organizational level. It provides useful information for decision-making tasks in the R&D project selection process.
Research and development (R&D) project selection is an organizational decision-making task commonly found in organizations like government funding agencies, universities, research institutes, and technology-intensive companies. It is a complicated and challenging task to organizations with the following reasons: (1) it is very difficult to predict the future success and impacts of the candidate projects; (2) it is a multi-stage multi-person decision making process involving a group of decision makers (e.g. external reviewers and panel experts). Thus, it can be very hard to manage the decision-making process, especially when the decision makers have heterogeneous decision-making strategies ,  and .