چرخه های کسب و کار و سرمایه گذاری در سرمایه انسانی: شواهد بین المللی در آموزش عالی
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|18370||2000||36 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||13021 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Carnegie-Rochester Conference Series on Public Policy, Volume 52, June 2000, Pages 221–256
We study the effect of economic fluctuations on investment in higher education for a wide range of countries. Our main focus is on foreign students who come to the United States to attend universities. There is a strong relation between enrollment and the business cycle in the sending country. The cyclical pattern of enrollment is sharply different for two groups of countries. For OECD countries enrollment is countercyclical, whereas for non-OECD countries it is procyclical. At business cycle frequencies, opportunity cost plays a dominant role in explaining enrollment from OECD countries, whereas ability to pay and credit constraints seem more prevalent at non-OECD countries. The results are confirmed using data on domestic enrollment from national sources.