مدل آموزش الکترونیکی توسعه محور و کاربرد آن در آموزش فناوری اطلاعات
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|18419||2012||5 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||2360 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : IERI Procedia, Volume 2, 2012, Pages 854–858
Higher education in China faces great challenges and opportunities in nowadays. One remarkable issue is the high unemployment rates of graduates because of their skills not matching the requirements of real world. A new development- driven e-leaning model, which combines modern educational thoughts and advanced educational technologies, is proposed for dealing with this issue. One case of development-driven e-learning model application in teaching fundamental information technology is introduced and some key issues are discussed. The result shows that the new development-driven e-Leaning model can improve learning interests and efficiency for college students and increase student's suitability to global workforce market.
Higher education in China has been developing dramatically in the past three decades. The total amount of students in colleges has increased very quickly since 2000 . The development of higher education makes a special contribution to economic development and social progress. At the same time, higher education in China faces some challenges. The most remarkable problem is that the quality of higher education could not meet the needs of human resources. Many college graduates could not find jobs related to their majors after graduation. It is a big waste of human resources and causes some social issues. Although the governments and colleges have made a lot of efforts on dealing with this issue, unfortunately, the progress is very limited. The crucial problem is that the traditional higher educational system have not been adjusted timely to fit the new challenges, students are lack of motivation in learning and clear career development objectives, the skills that students learned in universities do not match the requirements of workforce market and most of students do not have the abilities to effectively update their practical skills after graduation. It is high time that we have to rethink about how to improve the current higher educational system, in order to strengthen the competitiveness of graduates by using any effective educational thoughts, techniques and advanced technology resources, especially computer and internet resources. A new educational model named as development-driven e-leaning model, which combines modern educational thoughts and advanced educational technologies, is a practical way to solve this issue.This new model focuses on two aspects, one is that the essential objectives of education are to facilitate student development and have the skills which students will learn in college fitted the needs of reality. The main educational technique is to foster students’ interests, exploit their potentiality and enhance their competitiveness in the real society. The other aspect, which is called e-learning, is to adopt every advanced technology, especially information technologies in education. E-learning has been used in education worldwide rapidly in the past few decades. The US plays a leading role on e-learning in the world. The study shows that while 56% of current students are enrolled in an entirely classroom based leaning system with 39%taking at least some online courses and 5% completely online. In five years from 2009 only 19% of students are likely to be enrolled in an entirely classroom based learning system with 68% taking at least some online courses and 13% completely online. This means the total number of online learner in US will dramatically increase from 12 million to 22 million over that five year period . It can be seen that e-learning will become a predominant form of higher education in the USA. It is a revolutionary change to higher education in USA by using e-learning. In China, efforts also have been made to improve the education quality by adopting new education thoughts and e-learning to higher education in recent years, there is still a long way to go. Most of the current education methods could not meet the demanding of current workforce situation and the future development of student. There are many challenges and opportunities for Chinese higher education.Thus, aiming at improving higher education quality, in term of increasing students’ competitiveness and popularity, development-driven education thoughts accompanied by e-learning was proposed and put into practice in teaching information technology.
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
Our research shows that the development-driven e-learning model can improve higher education quality. It is one of the good ways to make higher education to fit the challenges from the rapidly changing and globalized world. Certainly it is also a huge opportunity for us to learn and use all advanced education methods and techniques to meet the challenges. The worldwide e-learning industry is estimated to be worth over $48 billion according to conservative estimates .For training qualified and talented graduates, it needs all efforts from governments, universities, teachers, students and entire society.