روانشناسی مصرف کننده از نام های تجاری (برند)
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی|
|1933||2012||11 صفحه PDF||22 صفحه WORD|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Journal of Consumer Psychology, Volume 22, Issue 1, January 2012, Pages 7–17
روش نمونه گیری و آنالیز نمونه ها
مدل شبکه فازی غیر خطی رفتارها
روش آنالیز اطلاعات
This article presents a consumer-psychology model of brands that integrates empirical studies and individual constructs (such as brand categorization, brand affect, brand personality, brand symbolism and brand attachment, among others) into a comprehensive framework. The model distinguishes three levels of consumer engagement (object-centered, self-centered and social) and five processes (identifying, experiencing, integrating, signifying and connecting). Pertinent psychological constructs and empirical findings are presented for the constructs within each process. The article concludes with research ideas to test the model using both standard and consumer-neuroscience methods.
The model presented here addresses consumer perceptions and judgments and their underlying processes as they relate to brands. Fig. 1 shows the model.In contrast to general information processing models, the consumer-psychology model of brands focuses specifically on the unique characteristics of brands. One brand, for example, can span across various products and product categories. Brand information is conveyed frequently through multi-sensory stimulation. Brands can form relations with other brands. Brands can be anthropomorphized, and many of them are appreciated as cultural symbols. Finally, consumers can organize communities around brands. Consumers know and experience these characteristics about brands and respond to them. The model presented here accounts for these essential characteristics of brands. The structure of the model also reflects an understanding that consumers have different levels of psychological engagement with brands because of different needs, motives and goals. These levels of engagement are represented in the model by three layers. The innermost layer represents object-centered, functionally-driven engagement; that is, the consumer acquires information about the brand with the goal of receiving utilitarian benefits from the brand. The middle layer represents a self-centered engagement; the brand is seen as personally relevant to the consumer. Finally, the outer layer represents social engagement with the brand; the brand is viewed from an interpersonal and socio-cultural perspective, and provides a sense of community. As we move from the inner to the outer layer, the brand becomes increasingly meaningful to the consumer. Most importantly, the model distinguishes five brand-related processes: identifying, experiencing, integrating, signaling and connecting with the brand. As part of identifying, a consumer identifies the brand and its category, forms associations, and compares the relations between brands. Experiencing refers to sensory, affective and participatory experiences that a consumer has with a brand. Integrating means combining brand information into an overall brand concept, personality and relationship with the brand. Signifying refers to using the brand as an informational cue, identity signal and cultural symbol. Finally, connecting with the brand includes forming an attitude toward the brand, becoming personally attached to it and connecting with the brand in a brand community. These processes are not necessarily one-directional and linear, in the way that information processing is presented from encoding to choice. As will be discussed in more detail at the end of this article, processes may occur in different orders. Moreover, while each construct is assumed to be conceptually distinct, a given construct may overlap, to some degree, with another construct, and different constructs may interact. Let's look at the constructs within each process in more detail. What happens during the processes of identifying, experiencing, integrating, signifying and connecting?
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
While research in the branding area has usually been narrow and not integrative, some have been waiting for a comprehensive consumer-psychology model of brands—a “blueprint of brand knowledge, as comprehensive while also as parsimonious as possible, that would provide the necessary depth and breadth of understanding of consumer behavior and marketing activity” (Keller, 2003). I feel that the model that I presented here has achieved this kind of comprehensive, yet parsimonious, blueprint of brands from a consumer psychology perspective. The model, developed primarily for an academic audience, summarizes and integrates existing constructs and findings and intends to stimulate more systematic future research. By drawing the attention of practitioners to the key psychological factors underlying brand effects, the model may also provide a bridge from theory to business practice and inspire managers to create functionally useful, psychologically meaningful and culturally relevant brands.