دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 19396
عنوان فارسی مقاله

سیاست های مدیریت آب در بخش سوخت های زیستی جلبکی در جنوب غربی ایالات متحده

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
19396 2011 7 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.
عنوان انگلیسی
Water management policies for the algal biofuel sector in the Southwestern United States
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Applied Energy, , Volume 88, Issue 10, October 2011, Pages 3492-3498

کلمات کلیدی
سوخت های زیستی جلبکی -      آبخوان ها -     انرژی زیست محیطی -      رد پای آب -      سیاست های مدیریت آب -
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله سیاست های مدیریت آب در بخش سوخت های زیستی جلبکی در جنوب غربی ایالات متحده

چکیده انگلیسی

Algal biorefinery-based integrated industrial ecology has received increased attention as a sustainable way of producing biofuel, food, high value products and feed ingredients in the Southwestern United States (US). However, these regions already face serious freshwater supply issues. Hence, new policies and regulations for water management and use is a high priority for the sustainable development of an algal biofuel sector to meet liquid fuel needs in the US without hampering the regional hydrologic pattern.

مقدمه انگلیسی

Algal biomass production offers several advantages over conventional terrestrial biofuel feedstocks. Algae offer significantly higher biomass and lipid yields per acre per year [1], economic use and recovery of waste nutrients [2], use of non-potable water such as saline, brackish, industrial or municipal waste water, productive use of non-crop lands (desert, arid and semi-arid land) [3] and capture of CO2 from power-plant flue gas, cement or other manufacturing plants, breweries or other carbon sources [4] and [5]. These positive sustainability indices have attracted substantial research investments from federal government, private investors and energy industries into this sector as a sustainable way of producing next generation biofuel, food, and high value products [6] and [7]. The recent National Algal Technology Road Map by United States Department of Energy identified Southwestern states are optimal for future algal biofuel sector [8]. Similarly, a ‘renewable energy corridor’ rich in the multiple energy sources needed for algal biofuel production via the deployment of Integrated Renewable Energy Parks has been envisioned in the Southwestern (SW) US [9], [10] and [11]. This corridor, comprised mainly of regions of New Mexico, Arizona, and Colorado, is poised as an optimal region for algal biomass generation because of the availability of the necessary natural resources such as sunlight, an optimum ambient temperature, cheap arid land and saline water [6], [7] and [8]; however, some of these regions face major freshwater issues.

نتیجه گیری انگلیسی

Algal biomass production offers several advantages over conventional terrestrial biofuel feedstocks. Algae offer significantly higher biomass and lipid yields per acre per year [1], economic use and recovery of waste nutrients [2], use of non-potable water such as saline, brackish, industrial or municipal waste water, productive use of non-crop lands (desert, arid and semi-arid land) [3] and capture of CO2 from power-plant flue gas, cement or other manufacturing plants, breweries or other carbon sources [4] and [5]. These positive sustainability indices have attracted substantial research investments from federal government, private investors and energy industries into this sector as a sustainable way of producing next generation biofuel, food, and high value products [6] and [7]. The recent National Algal Technology Road Map by United States Department of Energy identified Southwestern states are optimal for future algal biofuel sector [8]. Similarly, a ‘renewable energy corridor’ rich in the multiple energy sources needed for algal biofuel production via the deployment of Integrated Renewable Energy Parks has been envisioned in the Southwestern (SW) US [9], [10] and [11]. This corridor, comprised mainly of regions of New Mexico, Arizona, and Colorado, is poised as an optimal region for algal biomass generation because of the availability of the necessary natural resources such as sunlight, an optimum ambient temperature, cheap arid land and saline water [6], [7] and [8]; however, some of these regions face major freshwater issues.

خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.