تجزیه و تحلیل متناوب، تغییر ناپذیری مقیاس و مقیاس های مشخصه در رفتار شاخص های عمده در نزدیکی یک واقعه
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|19417||2006||13 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||3503 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Volume 359, 1 January 2006, Pages 576–588
This work is devoted to the study of the relation between intermittence and scale invariance. We find the conditions that a function in which both effects are present must satisfy, and we analyze the relation with characteristic scales. We present an efficient method that detects characteristic scales in different systems. Finally we develop a model that predicts the existence of intermittence and characteristic scales in the behavior of a financial index near a crash, and we apply the model to the analysis of several financial indices.
The presence of log-periodic structures in data analysis suggests that the system has characteristic scales. During the last years the study of this phenomena and its relation with the concept of scale invariance had grown, due to the great amount of physical systems presenting log-periodic structures: fluid turbulence  and , diamond Ising model , earthquakes , materials rupture , black holes  and gravitational collapses  among others. In a mathematical context, we recall constructions as the Cantor Fractal  and , with a discrete scale changes invariant. This phenomenon produces a non-real term in the fractal dimension. The presence of logarithmic periods in physical systems was noted by Novikov in 1966 , with the discovery of intermittence effect in turbulent fluids. The relation between both effects has been deeply studied, but it has not been formalized yet. At the same time a new discipline: Econophysics, has been developed . This discipline studies the application of mathematical tools that are usually applied to physical models, to the study of financial models. Simultaneously, there has been a growing literature in financial economics analyzing the behavior of major stock indices , , ,  and . The Statistical Mechanics theory, like phase transitions and critical phenomena have been applied by many authors to the study of the speculative bubbles preceding a financial crash (see for example Refs.  and ). In these works the main assumption is the existence of log-periodic oscillation in the data. The scale invariance in the behavior of financial indices near a crash has been studied in Refs.  and . We first study the relation between intermittence and scale invariance. We give the conditions that a function has to satisfy when both effects are present, and we analyze the relation with characteristic scales. We present a new method that detects characteristic scales in different systems using the previous results. Finally we develop a model that predicts the existence of intermittence and characteristic scales in the behavior of a financial index near a crash, and we apply the model to the analysis of the behavior of several financial indices: The NASDAQ index near the crash in April 2000, the S&P500 index near the October1987 crash, and the Hong Kong HSI index as well as the Brazil BOVESPA index, the Mexico MMX index, and the Turkey XU100 index near the October 1997 Asian crash.
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
The effects of certain local crisis on various and distant markets have largely been cited. The collapse of the crashes of 1987 (S&P500) dragged the collapse of markets worldwide, as did 2000 (NASDAQ). However not every crisis has sufficient strength as to drag the fall of leading indices in other countries. In Ref.  it has been shown that the crashes of Asian indices had consequences on emergent markets: the Asian crisis had sufficient strength as to drag the fall of leading Latin American indices as well as the fall of the Turkey XU100 index. Clearly all these indices crashed in similar dates due to a dragging correlated effect, which most likely started with the instability of the HSI index. So one would expect to obtain similar parameters for all these indices. The parameters a and a obtained for the Hong Kong HSI index, the Brazil BOVESPA index, the Mexico MMX index, and the Turkey XU100 index near the October 1997 Crash are very similar (Table 1). This signals the likelihood of the events in different markets and different economic realities which strengthens the hypothesis of imitation and long range correlations among traders. The good results obtained when fitting Eq. (9) validate the index price model presented in Sections 4 and 5, and therefore, the existence of characteristic scales in this type of systems. An important consequence that results from Eq. (9) is that the scale invariance for changes t! lt, with l ¼ an and n 2 Z, implies (because of (4)) that the percentage change in P in scale ‘‘t’’ and in scale ‘‘lt’’, is the same after an interval of time ‘‘t’’ or after an interval of time ‘‘lt’’. The method developed in this work is of easy implementation and of great efficiency. It is also a general method that can be applied to other similar systems.