از دست دادن شغل به عنوان یک موهبت در تغییر قیافه: نقش شناسایی حرفه و برنامه ریزی شغلی در پیش بینی کیفیت استخدام دوباره
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|20072||2006||19 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||7888 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Journal of Vocational Behavior, Volume 69, Issue 3, December 2006, Pages 391–409
Job loss is one of the most difficult work related situations that an individual may encounter. Yet, sometimes job loss may also turn into a blessing in disguise. Combining the careers literature with the literature on unemployment, the current paper addresses potential positive outcomes of job loss by focusing on specific career adaptability activities that individuals can undertake to obtain these outcomes. Three hundred and four unemployed outplacement attendees reported their use of self and environmental career exploration and career planning, as well as of job search (general and networking) and the availability of two resources that may foster these activities, general self-efficacy and social support. Six months later, 215 individuals reported their current reemployment status and, when applicable, the quality of that reemployment. Results replicate the positive effects of job search on finding reemployment but moreover outline the relevance of career planning and exploration during unemployment on ensuring the quality of this reemployment. Theoretical implications and directions for practice and future research are discussed.
Involuntary job loss is one of the most stressful life events that affects many individuals, regardless of their qualifications. Most unemployment literature focuses on the negative effects and profound difficulties that job loss creates for the affected individuals (e.g., McKee-Ryan, Song, Wanberg, & Kinicki, 2005), and many studies address the importance of job search and of finding a new job as the primary goal of the unemployed. Yet, upon reemployment, many individuals, especially higher level professionals, are underemployed (Feldman & Leana, 2000): they work at lower levels, are paid less than in their last jobs, and experience a step downwards in their careers. Thus, the cycle of job search continues as individuals look for yet another job (Kinicki, Prussia, & McKee-Ryan, 2000). Although more attention is now paid to the prevention of underemployment and to understanding ways of improving the quality of reemployment (Wanberg, Hough, & Song, 2002), very little variance has been explained in outcomes such as job improvement, identification with the new organization and turnover intentions, and job loss continues to be seen as a disruption to one’s career (Leana, Feldman, & Tan, 1998, p. 88). Without denying the negative impact of job loss, this study examines the other side of job loss, namely the positive yet often ignored effects that job loss may have on individuals’ careers upon reemployment. For example, Jones (1989) found that some individuals experienced unemployment as a blessing in disguise: while they viewed it as a negative life event, they also appreciated it as an opportunity to change their direction in life and to improve their career prospects. Latack and Dozier (1986) also acknowledged the difficulties of unemployment, but proposed that the maintenance of structured activities might contribute to subsequent positive reemployment outcomes. However, they did not specify the nature of these structured activities, and no empirical research so far has examined activities that might be particularly beneficial for obtaining high quality reemployment. To fill this gap, we make use of the career development perspective, in particular the career adaptability concept (Super and Knasel, 1981 and Savickas, 1997). According to this perspective, to manage new career related circumstances and their respective pressures across the life course, adults typically exhibit a certain amount of career adaptability, defined by two core processes, career exploration and career planning.
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
Our study makes several salient contributions. It addresses the conditions under which job loss may turn into a blessing in disguise. In this way, this study extends previous theoretical considerations regarding positive effect of job loss by suggesting a specific set of activities that may lead to better jobs and career outcomes at reemployment. In this respect, the study leans towards the positive psychology movement, by focusing on people’s strengths as opposed to the negative aspects of job loss . Namely, if one uses job loss as a time to examine other career options and engage in career planning, these activities may help in obtaining better reemployment quality. Thus, while previous research failed to explain much variance in the reemployment outcomes, our results suggest that better understanding of career activities during unemployment may be an important avenue for explaining reemployment quality.