دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 20524
عنوان فارسی مقاله

یک پیشنهاد برای تنظیم موجودی با استفاده از "مدل SEC-CIS چند لایه "

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
20524 2009 9 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.
عنوان انگلیسی
A proposal for inventory adjustment using “multiple-layers SEC–CIS model”
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : International Journal of Production Economics, Volume 118, Issue 1, March 2009, Pages 208–216

کلمات کلیدی
ریسک موجودی - ارتباطات - مدل مفهومی - مدل - چند لایه
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله یک پیشنهاد برای تنظیم موجودی با استفاده از "مدل SEC-CIS چند لایه "

چکیده انگلیسی

This paper discusses the flow of information needed to adjust inventory in an organization which takes charge of a part of the supply chain. What constitutes a desirable inventory level in supply chain management (SCM) depends on the business model. To make clear the essence of the information used for inventory adjustment, we presume, in this paper, the business model of a firm that procures a kind of goods and sells them. The inventory level is maintained on the basis of a mathematical model if the quantities of both procured and sold goods fluctuate within an assumed range. However, the level cannot be maintained if the quantity of either procured or sold goods changes beyond the assumed range. Such conditions cause the following two losses. When the quantity of sold goods is less than the quantity of procured goods, actual stocks increase above the desirable inventory level. Then, the cost of the unnecessary stock depresses the profit. When the quantity of demanded goods is greater than the quantity of procured goods, the stock is all sold, and the firm will suffer from an opportunity loss. Against the possibility of such losses (=risk), the firm must adjust inventory, and to do so must capture the possibility of the change in the quantity of either procured or demanded goods as information. This information is based on the following four items for both the procured and the demanded goods: quantity, price/cost, quality and timing. In this paper, we show that the “multiple-layers SEC–CIS model” of Sumita et al. (2004b) is useful as a framework to explain how an organization can cope with information that describes the possibility of such changes. Then, using this model, we propose a method by which the inventory adjustment system can be made responsive to situations beyond the control of the mathematical model. And using a concrete case, we illustrate the usefulness of the “multiple-layers SEC–CIS model” to describe communications between layers (parts) about inventory-level setting.

مقدمه انگلیسی

This paper discusses the flow of information needed to adjust inventory in an organization which takes charge of a part of the supply chain. What constitutes a desirable inventory level in supply chain management (SCM) depends on the business model. To make clear the essence of the information used for inventory adjustment, we presume, in this paper, the business model of a firm that procures a kind of goods and sells them. The inventory level is maintained on the basis of a mathematical model if the quantities of both procured and sold goods fluctuate within an assumed range. However, the level cannot be maintained if the quantity of either procured or sold goods changes beyond the assumed range. Such conditions cause the following two losses. When the quantity of sold goods is less than the quantity of procured goods, actual stocks increase above the desirable inventory level. Then, the cost of the unnecessary stock depresses the profit. When the quantity of demanded goods is greater than the quantity of procured goods, the stock is all sold, and the firm will suffer from an opportunity loss. Against the possibility of such losses (=risk), the firm must adjust inventory, and to do so must capture the possibility of the change in the quantity of either procured or demanded goods as information. This information is based on the following four items for both the procured and the demanded goods: quantity, price/cost, quality and timing. In this paper, we show that the “multiple-layers SEC–CIS model” of Sumita et al. (2004b) is useful as a framework to explain how an organization can cope with information that describes the possibility of such changes. Then, using this model, we propose a method by which the inventory adjustment system can be made responsive to situations beyond the control of the mathematical model. And using a concrete case, we illustrate the usefulness of the “multiple-layers SEC–CIS model” to describe communications between layers (parts) about inventory-level setting.

نتیجه گیری انگلیسی

This paper discussed an inventory adjustment system that corresponds to a situation beyond the reach of a mathematical model. We presumed the business model of a firm that procures a kind of goods and sells them so that the essence of the inventory adjustment system could be made clear. We considered the risk factors that could cause the quantity of procured goods to exceed the assumed range. Also, we considered the risk factors that could cause the quantity of demanded goods to exceed the assumed range. Then an inventory adjustment system was discussed using the multiple-layers SEC–CIS model. The system was divided into the following two subsystems: a system for stock adjustment based on the negotiations of the procurement section and the shipping section, and a system by which the person in charge can detect changes in the procuring market and the shipping market and report that information to the leader of each section. We traced the flow of information in each system. We then showed that the multiple-layers SEC–CIS model was useful as a framework by which an organization can cope with information regarding such changes. Using a concrete case, we illustrated the usefulness of “multiple-layers SEC–CIS model” to describe communications between layers about inventory-level setting.

خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.