دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 20746
عنوان فارسی مقاله

توزیع ارگودیک برای یک مدل موجودی فازی از نوع (S، S) با تقاضای توزیع شده گاما

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
20746 2013 6 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
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عنوان انگلیسی
Ergodic distribution for a fuzzy inventory model of type (s, S) with gamma distributed demands
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Expert Systems with Applications, Volume 40, Issue 3, 15 February 2013, Pages 958–963

کلمات کلیدی
مدل موجودی فازی از نوع ( - ) عملکرد تجدید فازی - توزیع گاما با پارامتر فازی - ( (
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله توزیع ارگودیک برای یک مدل موجودی فازی از نوع (S، S) با تقاضای توزیع شده گاما

چکیده انگلیسی

In this study, a stochastic process (X(t)), which describes a fuzzy inventory model of type (s, S) is considered. Under some weak assumptions, the ergodic distribution of the process X(t) is expressed by a fuzzy renewal function U(x). Then, membership function of the fuzzy renewal function U(x) is obtained when the amount of demand has a Gamma distribution with fuzzy parameters. Finally, membership function and alpha cuts of fuzzy ergodic distribution of this process is derived by using extension principle of L. Zadeh.

مقدمه انگلیسی

Many problems of the inventory, stock control and reliability theories can be reduced to investigation of a semi-Markovian inventory model of type (s, S). In current literature, probability and numerical characteristics of these models are investigated under different distributions of random variables which are interpreted as the arrival times and demands. For example, in the studies of Aliyev et al., 2010, Khaniev and Atalay, 2010 and Khaniyev and Aksop, 2011 the stationary characteristics of the models of type (s, S) are investigated for Gamma, Beta and Triangular distributions. These distributions contain various parameters. These parameters can be estimated by using the point and interval estimation methods. However, there can be fuzziness in datasets. Recall that, there are two kinds of uncertainty: randomness and fuzziness. Probability is traditionally used in modeling uncertainty under randomness. On the other hand, fuzziness introduced by Zadeh (1965) provide a different approach to treating uncertainty. Real models that contain uncertainty cannot be described adequately by using only randomness. From a practical viewpoint, the fuzziness and randomness in a process are often mixed with each other. Therefore, we need to combine these two kinds of uncertainty and use them together in practical applications. Thus, real models should be investigated with fuzzy logic to obtain more adequate results. For this reason, in this study, an inventory model of type (s, S) with a fuzzy parameter is considered and expressed by means of a semi-Markov process (X(t)), where 0 ⩽ s < S < ∞. There are many interesting studies in literature on the classical inventory models of type (s, S) and fuzzy renewal-reward processes (see, for example, Nasirova et al., 1998, Gavirneni, 2001, Derieva, 2004, Artalejo et al., 2006, Khaniev and Atalay, 2010 and Khaniyev and Aksop, 2011 and so on). As well, in literature, there are some interesting studies devoted to the stochastic models with the application of the fuzzy logic approach (see, for example, Zadeh, 1968, Popova and Wu, 1999, Hwang, 2000, Dozzi et al., 2001, Buckley et al., 2002, Zhao and Liu, 2003, Buckley and Eslami, 2004, Zhao et al., 2006, Hong, 2006, Zhao and Tang, 2006, Li et al., 2007, Wang and Watada, 2009, Shen et al., 2009, Wang et al., 2009, Li, 2011, Lia, 2011, Hwang and Yang, 2011 and Wang, 2011, etc.). For example, Popova and Wu (1999) have studied random renewal-reward process with random inter-arrival times and fuzzy rewards. Hwang (2000) investigated a renewal process in which the inter-arrival times are assumed as independent and identically distributed fuzzy random variables, and proved an almost sure convergence theorem with the probability measure for the renewal rate. Dozzi et al. (2001) provided a limit theorem for counting renewal processes indexed by fuzzy sets. Zhao and Liu (2003) discussed a fuzzy renewal process defined by a sequence of positive fuzzy variables and established the fuzzy elementary renewal theorem and renewal-reward theorem. Hong (2006) discussed a renewal process in which inter-arrival times and rewards are depicted by L–R fuzzy numbers under t-norm-based fuzzy operations. Zhao and Tang (2006) derived some other properties of fuzzy random renewal processes and obtained Blackwell’s renewal theorem and Smith’s key renewal theorem for fuzzy random inter-arrival times. Li et al. (2007) introduced the fuzzy random variable into delayed renewal processes and discussed a fuzzy random delayed renewal process as well as a fuzzy random equilibrium renewal process which is a special case of the former. Wang et al. (2009) discussed fuzzy random renewal process and renewal-reward process under hybrid uncertainty of fuzziness and randomness, and applied them to queuing system. Wang and Watada (2009) have discussed a renewal-reward process with fuzzy random inter-arrival times and rewards under the independence with t-norms, and they have derived a new fuzzy random renewal-reward theorem for the long-run expected average reward. Shen et al., 2009 and Lia, 2011 established an alternating renewal process with two states: on times and off times. Hwang and Yang (2011) have created the extended elementary renewal theorem, renewal-reward theorem, Wald’s equation for fuzzy renewal processes and fuzzy renewal-reward processes with fuzzy random inter-arrival times, fuzzy random rewards and fuzzy random stopping times. They have also considered some of their applications. Wang (2011) has investigated the mixture inventory control system in which the lead time and demands in different cycles are independent and identically distributed random variables. Moreover, the backorder rate, ordering cost, shortage penalty cost and marginal profit per unit in different cycles are independent identically distributed fuzzy variables, respectively. Also a mathematical formulation about the expected annual total cost is presented, based on the fuzzy random renewal-reward theory. As it is seen above, there are numerous studies about renewal-reward process with fuzzy parameters in the current literature. However, inventory models of type (s, S) which are important applications of those theories are not investigated sufficiently. Therefore, in this study, a semi–Markovian inventory model of type (s, S) (X(t)) is constructed and the process X(t) is investigated under the assumption that demands are random variables having a Gamma distribution with fuzzy parameters. The model. It is assumed that stock level (X (t )) in a depot at the initial time (t = 0) is X (0) = X 0 = S ; 0 ⩽ s < S < ∞. Furthermore, it is assumed that at random times T 1, T 2, … , T n, … , the stock level (X (t )) in the depot decreases according to η 1, η 2, … , η n, … , until the stock level falls below the predetermined control level s . Therefore, the stock level in the depot changes as follows: View the MathML sourceX(T1)≡X1=S-η1;X(T2)≡X2=S-(η1+η2);…;X(Tn)≡Xn=S-∑i=1nηi;… Turn MathJax on Here, η n represents the quantity of the n th demand. The demands occur at the random times View the MathML sourceTn=∑i=1nξi, n=1,2,…n=1,2,… and the stock level of depot decreases at these times according to quantities of demands {ηn}, n ⩾ 1. This variation of the system continues until the certain random time τ1, where τ1 is the first crossing time of the control level s (s ⩾ 0). At time τ1, the process immediately comes to level S, again. Thus, the first period has been completed. Afterwards, the system continuous its variation from initial state S similar to the first period. When the stock level is decreased to below the control level s for the second time, the stock level is immediately brought to level S and the process changes as similar to the previous periods. Let’s illustrate this model as a real-world example. The real-world model. A company operating in the energy sector produces, stores, fills and distributes liquefied petroleum gas (LPG). Domestic LPG distribution is carried out through pipelines and land transport. Where there is no pipeline installation, gas is distributed through land transport. LPG is carried from the LPG production center (a city in Turkey) to the 30 dealers by tankers with the capacities of 22 m3 (approximately 10–11 tons) and 35 m3 (approximately 17–18 tons). The tankers are kept under surveillance with Global Positioning System (GPS) 24 h a day and seven days a week. After delivering the needed amount of gas to the dealer, if more than 10% of the capacity of the tanker is left over, the tanker waits in its position until the next order of any dealer. Each dealer has a storage capacity of S = 30 m3. Random amounts of LPG (ηn) are sold from these storage tanks at random times (ξn). When at random moments τn, n ⩾ 1, the level of LPG in the tank of the dealer falls below the control level s = S/5, a demand signal is automatically sent online to the production center. As a response to this demand, the nearest tanker to the dealer is directed to the demanding dealer. If there is no tanker near to the dealer, a full tanker is sent from the production center and depot is filled to the level S. Note that to modeling the amounts of demands ηn cannot be identified just by randomness, but also with fuzziness. Therefore, the aim of this study is to construct such a stochastic process mathematically, which expresses the model stated above, in order to investigate the ergodic distribution of the process with the use of fuzzy logic approach.

نتیجه گیری انگلیسی

Amounts of demand usually are modeled as a random variable with a crisp distribution. However, in many real-world applications, this is not a realistic assumption, since we always don’t know the exact value of the parameter of the distribution. Nonetheless, we only know that in which interval the parameter can take values. For this reason, in this study, we assume that the parameter of the distribution of demands is a fuzzy number. Under this assumption, a membership function of ergodic distribution of the fuzzy inventory model of type (s, S) is investigated when demands have Gamma distribution. It can be useful to obtain similar results for the other distributions with a fuzzy parameter. Furthermore, the process can be modeled for “small”, “medium” and “large” membership functions as shown in Fig. 4. Thus, the results of this paper can be extended for the development of a fuzzy rule based system investigation via Celikyilmaz and Turksen (2009) approach.

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