یک مدل موجودی قطعی برای رو به وخامت موارد با دو انبار و اعتبار تجاری در یک سیستم زنجیره تامین
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|20824||2013||9 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||8351 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : International Journal of Production Economics, Volume 146, Issue 2, December 2013, Pages 557–565
Chung and Huang (2007) designed recently a two-warehouse inventory model for deteriorating items when the supplier offers the retailer a delay period and in turn the retailer provides a delay period to their customers. They assumed that the stocks of RW are transported to OW via a continuous release pattern and the transportation costs are ignored. The holding cost in RW is exceeding that in OW. The deterioration rate of RW is assumed to be identical to that in OW. For practical purpose, it is observed that due to demand, the retailer needs to rent warehouse to store items sometimes. If the retailer's facility about deterioration is not newer than that of the rented warehouse, then α≥β. Otherwise, α<β. This paper extends the model of Chung and Huang (2007) by considering β>α which means that the rate of deterioration in RW exceeds that of OW. First, expressions are obtained for the total variable cost of the inventory system. Second, this study demonstrates that a unique optimal solution exists. Third, two lemmas and one theorem are designed for determining the optimal cycle time. Finally, numerical examples are presented to illustrate the procedure for solving the model and sensitivity analysis of the optimal solution with respect to the parameters of the system is conducted.
Basically, two-warehouse inventory systems have been considered by various researchers in the last few years. Such systems were first considered by Hartely (1976). Holding costs in the rented warehouse (RW) are assumed to exceed those in the owned warehouse (OW). Consequently, the items are stored first in OW and only excess stock is stored in the RW. Sarma (1983) designed a deterministic inventory model with two levels of storage and with an infinite replenishment rate. Murdeshwar and Sathe (1985) made an extension to the case of finite replenishment rate. Furthermore, Goswami and Chaudhuri (1992) developed a deterministic inventory model incorporating two levels of storage by considering linear demand trends. Zhou and Yang (2005) established a two-warehouse inventory model for items with stock-level-dependent demand rate and considering transportation cost. Additionally, the effect of deteriorating rate is vital in numerous inventory systems and cannot be ignored. Therefore, Sarma (1987) first presented a two-warehouse inventory model for deteriorating items with an infinite replenishment rate and allowing for shortages. Benkherout (1997) modified the model developed by Sarma (1987) by relaxing the assumptions of fixed cycle length and known quantity to be stocked in OW. Furthermore, Zhou (1998) developed a two-warehouse inventory model for deteriorating items under conditions of time-varying demand and shortages during the finite-planning horizon. Pakkala and Achary, 1992a and Pakkala and Achary, 1992b designed a two-warehouse inventory model for deteriorating items with finite replenishment rate and shortages for the case of continuous and discrete release patterns in the rented warehouse, respectively. In their analysis, the transportation costs associated with transferring the items from the RW to the OW were not taken into account. Additionally, deterioration degree depends on the preservation of inventory in the facility, and thus on the environmental conditions in the warehouse. Therefore, all the above models have constant deterioration rates, with those in RW being less than those in OW. Hiroaki and Toyokazu (1996) explored perishable inventory control with two types of customers and different selling prices under the warehouse capacity constraint. Additionally, Bhunia and Maiti (1998) designed a two warehouse inventory model for deteriorating items with a linear trend in demand and shortages. The model assumed a positive deterioration rate in OW and a deterioration rate in RW of less than one. Later, Yang (2004) designed a two-warehouse inventory model for deteriorating items with shortages under inflation. The model assumes that the deterioration rate in RW exceeds that of OW and that both range between zero and one. Yang (2006) improved upon the model introduced in Yang (2004) to incorporate partial backlogging and relaxed the assumption that the deterioration rate in RW exceeds that of OW. Lee (2006) devised a two-warehouse inventory model with deterioration under FIFO dispatching policy. Lee (2006) assumed the deterioration rate in OW to be less than one and while that in RW is positive. Dye et al. (2007) developed a deterministic inventory model for deteriorating items under capacity constraints and a time-proportional backlogging rate. Yang (2012) explored two-warehouse partial backlogging inventory models with three-parameter Weibull distribution deterioration under inflation. Wang et al. (2012) developed an inventory for a deteriorating item while the buyer has warehouse capacity constraint. Zhong and Zhou (2013) reveal that improving the supply chain's performance through trade credit under inventory-dependent demand and limited storage capacity. They assumed deterioration rates in RW and OW ranging between zero and one, respectively. The major assumptions used in the related previous articles are summarized in Table 1. Table 1. Summary of related literatures for two-warehouse inventory model. Author(s) and year EOQ or EPQ Deterioration rate in OW (αα) and deterioration rate in RW (ββ) Sarma (1983) EOQ α=β=0α=β=0 Murdeshwar and Sathe (1985) EPQ α=β=0α=β=0 Sarma (1987) EOQ α>βα>β Goswami and Chaudhuri (1992) EOQ α=β=0α=β=0 Bhunia and Maiti (1994) EOQ α=β=0α=β=0 Benkherout (1997) EOQ α>βα>β Bhunia and Maiti (1998) EOQ 0<α0<α;β<1β<1 Yang (2004) EOQ α<βα<β;0<α<10<α<1;0<β<10<β<1; Zhou and Yang (2005) EOQ α=β=0α=β=0 Yang (2006) EOQ α≠βα≠β;0<α<10<α<1;0<β<10<β<1 Dye et al. (2007) EOQ 0≤α<10≤α<1;0≤β<10≤β<1 Lee (2006) EOQ α<1α<1;β>0β>0 Chung and Huang (2007) EOQ α=βα=β Hsieh et al. (2007) EOQ 0≤α<10≤α<1;0≤β<10≤β<1 Lee and Hsu (2009) EPQ 0<α0<α;β>0β>0 Liang and Zhou (2011) EOQ α>βα>β Liao and Huang (2010) EOQ α<βα<β Liao et al. (2012) EOQ α=βα=β Liao et al. (2s013) EOQ α=βα=β Present paper EOQ α<βα<β Table options On the other hand, the influence of a permissible delay in payments on the optimal inventory system is an issue of consequence in practical environments. Therefore, numerous researchers have designed analytical inventory models that consider permissible delays in payments such as Haley and Higgins (1973), Goyal (1985), Arcelus and Srinivasan (1993), Shah, 1993a and Shah, 1993b, Jaggi and Aggarwal (1994), Aggarwal and Jaggi (1995), Chung (1998), Jamal et al., 1997 and Jamal et al., 2000, Shinn (1997), Hwang and Shinn (1997), Sarker et al. (2001), Shinn and Hwang (2003), Huang and Liao (2008), Liao, 2008a and Liao, 2008b, Liao and Chung (2009), Chung and Liao, 2004, Chung and Liao, 2006, Chung and Liao, 2009 and Chung and Liao, 2011, Thangam (2012) and their references. Combining the above arguments, few inventory models with two-warehouses have been found in the literature that address the conditions associated with permissible delays in payments. Recently, Chung and Huang (2007) developed a two-warehouse inventory model for deteriorating items in which the supplier offers the retailer a permissible delay period and the retailer in turn provides a trade credit period to their customers. They assumed that stocks of RW are transported to OW using a continuous release pattern and transportation costs are ignored. Both RW and OW had identical rates of deterioration and that the holding cost for RW exceeds that in OW. In real life situation, owing to demand, the retailer needs to rent warehouse to store items sometimes. If the retailer's facility about deterioration is not newer than that of the rented warehouse, then α≥β. Otherwise, α<β. This paper extends the model Chung and Huang (2007) by assuming β>α. That is, the deterioration rate in RW exceeds that of OW. Firstly, expressions are derived for the total variable cost of the inventory system, respectively. Secondly, this study shows that the optimal solution not only exists but also is unique. Thirdly, five lemmas and two theorems are developed for optimizing the optimal cycle time. Finally, numerical examples demonstrating the applicability of the proposed model and conducting sensitivity analysis on the model parameters are also discussed.
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
This paper deals with a deterministic order level inventory model for deteriorating items with finite warehouse capacity and addresses the conditions of permissible delay in payments in the above model to response the economic phenomena. Theorems 1 and 2 show that the optimal solutions not only exist but also are unique and present the optimal solution procedures to find the replenishment policy. By using these results, the decision-maker of inventory system can easily decide whether to use the rented warehouse to hold much more items. Finally, numerical examples are solved and the sensitivity of the solution to changes in the values of different parameters has been discussed. Finally, we can generalize the model to allow for β≤αβ≤α, shortages, partial backlogging, quantity discounts, time value of money, probabilistic demand, time-varying costs and others.