بررسی اثرات جهت گیری فرآیند کسب و کار بر عملکرد نوآوری سازمانی
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|20939||2013||11 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||9458 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Information & Management, Volume 50, Issue 8, December 2013, Pages 650–660
Business process orientation (BPO) supports business process management by reorienting employees’ focus from functional performance to customer value adding. While it is generally believed that BPO improves various aspects of organizational performance, there has been a lack of empirical evidence. The results of this study showed that BPO significantly influences organizational innovation performance and identified the underlying mechanism for the effect. Interestingly, it is found that a process view is not sufficient to enhance organizational innovation performance. Cross-functional integration may also need to be carefully managed for innovation. These findings improve the current understanding of BPO and offer managerial suggestions for enhancing innovation.
Business process management has been widely recognized as a useful approach for supporting innovation, transformation, organizational development, change management, enterprise architecture, and audit compliance . It advocates a shift from a “vertical” or functional focus to a “horizontal” or process orientation in managing activities in an organization. Critical to the success of business process management is changing employees’ existing attitudes and assumptions based on hierarchies and functions to build a new frame of reference and perspective based on delivering value to customers  and . Therefore, there has been an increasing focus on the concept of business process orientation (BPO). The concept is developed based on the Deming management method  and  and proposes that organizations can enhance their performance by adopting a process-oriented view. BPO is a way of thinking and working that emphasizes the integration of inputs into valuable outputs rather than focusing on hierarchical or functional effectiveness  and . Without this mindset, employees cannot visualize the overall impact of their work, and they are likely to stay within their own functional silos . BPO has the potential to enhance organizational innovation performance through better organizational connectedness and integration, less internal conflict, enhanced customer focus and interaction, and positive employee commitment and involvement  and . However, there is still a lack of empirical evidence for the effect of BPO on organizational innovation performance. This study aims to fill this gap. BPO has been conceptualized in terms of process view, process jobs, process management and measurement, process structure, and process values and beliefs . Process view refers to the extent to which an organization documents and understands a business process from the beginning to the end. Process jobs focus on the extent to which employees’ work is organized around the business processes that lead to final products or services. Process management and measurement looks at the extent to which the efficiency and effectiveness (e.g., output quality, cycle time, process cost, and variability) of business processes are assessed. Process structure refers to the extent to which different elements, activities, and workflows are organized effectively. Process values and beliefs focus on whether a culture that empowers employees to focus on customer value creation and continuous improvement exists. However, little positive empirical evidence has shown the critical role of process structure and process values and beliefs. Based on a multi-year study of McCormack and Johnson , 11 questions out of 200 questions from five BPO aspects are statistically identified as key measures for BPO and then intuitively confirmed by BPO experts. Process view, process jobs, and process management and measurement, which are associated with these 11 questions, have been widely accepted as the key aspects of BPO , ,  and . Accordingly, this study conceptualizes BPO in terms of these three aspects. More importantly, this study seeks to explain how BPO influences organizational innovation performance. As mentioned above, BPO is believed to be critical to the success of business process management. The essence of business process management lies in looking beyond functional boundaries to deliver value to customers. In other words, the two fundamental aspects of successful business process management are that: (1) effective business processes transcend organizational boundaries and are generally independent of formal organizational structure, and (2) business processes should create value for customers by addressing their needs, and customers are seen as valuable sources of first-hand information regarding their needs . Accordingly, this study focuses on cross-functional integration and customer integration as two key effects of BPO. In addition, because BPO is a way of thinking and working, we expect it to influence the attitudes and behavior of employees . Given that innovation is an important goal of business process management  and , we examine employee innovativeness as another important effect of BPO. Cross-functional integration, customer integration, and employee innovativeness have been shown to be significant antecedents of organizational innovation performance ,  and . These factors suggest that they are likely to play an important role in converting the managerial approach of BPO to tangible organizational innovation performance. In sum, this study aims to address the research question of “how does BPO influence organizational innovation performance?” Based on survey data that were collected from 127 organizations in Japan, we found that process jobs and process management and measurement influence organizational innovation performance through customer integration and employee innovativeness. Interestingly, process view did not have a significant effect. Cross-functional integration also did not have a significant effect on organizational innovation performance. This study contributes to the research and practice in several ways. This is one of the first studies to identify the underlying mechanism through which BPO influences organizational innovation performance. Providing a conceptual exposition of the effects of BPO advances our understanding of its nature and can serve as a foundation for future theoretical developments. By studying Japanese organizations, this study provides the initial empirical evidence for the effects of BPO and sheds light on an understudied context in business process management research. For practice, the findings of this study provide suggestions for improving organizational innovation performance and strengthening managers’ value propositions in garnering senior managerial support for developing BPO.
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
As a way of thinking and working, BPO provides fundamental support to business process management by reorienting employees’ attitude and behavior from one that centers on departmental or functional performance to one that emphasizes adding value for customers. This study shows that this transformation promotes customer integration and employee innovativeness, which sequentially brings about tangible benefits in the form of improved organizational innovation performance. In sum, BPO is a useful strategic starting point from which organizations can derive value from business process management.