همکاری های فن آوری و جایگزینی محصول در بانکداری خرده فروشی انگلستان: مورد خدمات مشتری
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|21028||2005||17 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||6956 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Information Economics and Policy, Volume 17, Issue 2, March 2005, Pages 199–215
The pervasive implementation of information technologies in retail banking has paved the way to significant transformations including organizational changes as well as a wider product range. The central theme that is discussed in this paper is the degree to which the unfolding of a technological trajectory has provided incentives to mutual adaptations in the supply and demand of retail services. Accordingly, the paper will focus on the emergence of a network structure in the UK retail banking system and on the process of product substitution that emerged on the demand side.
The central aim of this paper is to review some aspects of the process of structural changed that occurred retail banking in the United Kingdom (UK). Technical progress and, in particular, the development of Information technology (IT) played a pervasive role in redefining the boundaries of this activity. Commercial banking has experienced significant changes with respect to two dimensions: internally, the emergence of a network structure as a viable solution to the bottlenecks that could hinder capacity expansion; externally, the increased variety of retail services stimulated by the interaction with customers. This paper will focus on the intertwined effects of the implementation of general purpose technologies (GPTs) and the subsequent cascade of complementary changes that elicited the definition of new procedures underpinning the design and the supply of retail services. In the analysis proposed here the fact that economic agents learn from accumulated experience yields that they try to react creatively to confront the stimuli of a changing competitive environment by building on the consolidated patterns of their activity. The historical assessment of technological change in UK banking confirms the conjecture that the emergence of coordination embeds technical and organizational choices opening the way to further innovation in an open-ended process. This pattern of intertemporal choices drives the diachronic adaptation among members of a financial institution through the implementation of rules and procedures; among firms through the effects of competition; and among suppliers and consumers through the demand-supply dynamics. Hence, technical change is a process which becomes distributed across all agents who contribute to foster it. Some aspects of the process of transformation of UK retail banking have been left out of the paper to maintain focus and clarity: in particular, whilst deserving a separate digression, the development of capital markets and regulation are simply outlined. The paper is structured as follows. Section one will set out the conceptual framework by reviewing the technological events occurred in UK retail banking through a long-term longitudinal analysis. The next two sections will focus on the sources and the effects of technological cooperation and demand adjustments as guiding forces of a dynamically adaptive process.
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
The task of analysing the diffusion of information technologies in retail banking in the UK across 30 years offered the chance to overview the evolution of a system and, in particular, of the cascade of process and product innovations that followed. The analysis developed in this paper elaborates on the sources and the effects of interrelatedness between complementary generations of service provision modes. The historical account developed in the first part of this paper highlights the emergence of a technological trajectory whose pattern of development rests upon an array of complementary changes. Accordingly, it is suggested that two phenomena appear especially relevant for the structural transformation observed in the sector. First, the evolution of competition among banks, from the coexistence of early monopolies localized in geographical areas to the recent emergence of an integrated network. Second, the evolution of customers' preferences as a result of product diversification and niche strategies pursued by banks. Neither agents nor products exist in isolation in the system and the purpose of this work has been to put forward an analysis which would delve into the way in which interdependent, mutually supporting techniques were developed within an emergent technological trajectory.