تشخیص عیب مجموعه هولونیک تعبیه شده است سیستم حمل و نقل پیچیده
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|21926||2013||14 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||9150 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Engineering Applications of Artificial Intelligence, Volume 26, Issue 1, January 2013, Pages 227–240
The use of electronic equipment and embedded computing technologies in modern complex transportation systems continues to grow in a highly competitive market, in which product maintainability and availability is vital. These technological advances also make fault diagnosis and maintenance interventions much more challenging, since these operations require a deep understanding of the entire system. This paper proposes a holonic cooperative fault diagnosis approach, along with a generic architecture, to increase the embedded diagnosis capabilities of complex transportation systems. This concept is applied to the fault diagnosis of door systems of a railway transportation system.
To deal with the complexity of modern transportation systems (e.g., commercial aircrafts, trains, ships), an efficient maintenance strategy is essential for maintaining and improving the availability and reliability of assets, while minimizing maintenance and total life-cycle ownership costs (Discenzo et al., 2002). Normatively, maintenance is classified as preventive or corrective maintenance (DIN EN 13306, 2010). While preventive maintenance focuses on reducing the probability of failures by replacing components before they fail, corrective maintenance has the objective of returning an item back to service after a failure occurrence. Before any corrective actions can be taken, one of the most time-consuming step of corrective maintenance is the fault diagnosis procedure, which consists of identifying the faulty components to be repaired ( Feldman, 2010 and Khol and Bauer, 2010). Unlike diagnosing complex industrial systems and static machines, several considerations must be taken into account when diagnosing complex transportation systems. In this paper, we assume that complex transportation systems are characterized by the following properties: − System complexity—a complex transportation system is assumed to be decomposable into a set of interacting sub-systems, composed of a control part and a controlled part. These sub-systems are designed by several suppliers, using computational and physical components, and heterogeneous technologies (e.g., electrical, mechanical, hydraulic, pneumatic, hardware and software parts) (Dievart et al., 2010). − System variability—the sub-systems may differ from one system to another (e.g., change of suppliers, design changes, product evolutions) (Azarian et al., 2011). − System environmental context—each sub-system is assumed to have its own context, which can be either physical (e.g., climate impact, vibrations, electromagnetic disturbance) or informational (e.g., functioning mode, component states) (Monnin et al., 2011). − System maintainability—a complex transportation system is usually linked to a stationary maintenance center and needs to communicate with it (Jianjun et al., 2007). In addition, maintenance operations cannot be executed immediately in the system (Umiliacchi et al., 2011). To allow the diagnosis of this kind of complex transportation systems, a diagnosis system must be defined. This diagnosis system must not interfere with the normal operation of any sub-system. This no-intrusiveness constraint is mandatory. In this paper, a diagnosis system is assumed to fulfill the following requirements: − Accuracy—the diagnosis system must be adapted for isolating uniquely the faulty components among various interconnected sub-systems. − Ease of explanations—the diagnosis system must allow a user to understand how the diagnosis procedure came to the results. − Adaptability—the diagnosis system must be adapted when changes in components and sub-systems design occur. − Reactivity—diagnosis results must be delivered in a timely manner to the maintenance center in order to improve the maintenance management. − Confidence—the diagnosis system must avoid producing false alarms. Through the continued advances in infotronics and in communication technologies (Clarhaut et al., 2011), intelligent diagnosis systems based in particular on artificial intelligence (AI) and multi-agents (MAS) allow the diagnosis procedure to be automated on-line, observing continuously the system (Campos, 2009 and Ng and Srinivasan, 2010). In this context, the main contribution of this paper is to propose a fault diagnosis approach that supports all the previously introduced assumptions. This approach is applied within a joint research-industry project, called SURFER (SURveillance active FERroviaire, translated as “active train monitoring”), led by Bombardier-Transport. The aim of the SURFER project is to provide a more advanced solution for the on-line diagnosis of incipient failures and faults that can occur during the train service, besides the existing ORBITA system developed by Bombardier-Transport in 2006 ( Orbita-BT, 2006). This paper is organized as follows. Section 2 presents a literature review about condition monitoring and diagnosis standards, along with the main diagnosis methods. This section highlights the limits of currently-used diagnosis approaches, emphasizing the need of a robust embedded diagnosis. Section 3 proposes an embedded decentralized cooperative fault diagnosis approach, based on a generic holonic model. Section 4 applies the proposed embedded diagnosis model for advanced fault diagnosis of train door systems, within the context of the SURFER project. Section 5 presents the experimental platform used for the implementation of the holonic diagnosis architecture. Section 6 exhibits the first results obtained in the implementation in a real train. Finally, Section 7 offers conclusions and perspectives for future research.