رویکرد بیزی برای مدل تطبیقی تعمیر و نگهداری پیشگیرانه
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|22204||2001||12 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||7129 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Reliability Engineering & System Safety, Volume 71, Issue 1, January 2001, Pages 33–44
In this paper we consider a Bayesian theoretic approach to determine an optimal adaptive preventive maintenance policy with minimal repair. By incorporating minimal repair, maintenance and replacement, the mathematical formulas of the expected cost per unit time are obtained. When the failure density is Weibull with uncertain parameters, a Bayesian approach is established to formally express and update the uncertain parameters for determining an optimal adaptive preventive maintenance policy. Furthermore, various special cases of our model are discussed in detail.
It is important to preventively maintain a system to avoid failures during operation especially when such an event is costly and/or dangerous. The problem that arises in reliability study is when to maintain the system. The number of failures during actual operation should be reduced to as few as possible by means of maintenance. In most maintenance models, it is commonly assumed that a maintenance action (replacement) regenerates the system. For a complex system the maintenance action is not necessarily the replacement of the whole system, but often the repair or replacement of a part of the system. Hence, the maintenance action may not renew the system completely. In this case, Barlow and Hunter  considered two types of preventive maintenance policy — one type for single-item systems and another for multi-item systems. These two types of policy have been studied extensively in the literature ,  and . Furthermore, Nguyen and Murthy , Nakagawa  and Sheu and Liou  investigate a different type of policy for repairable systems, called sequential preventive maintenance policy. In this type of policy, there is a basic assumption that the life distribution of the system changes after each maintenance in such a way that its failure rate function increases with the number of maintenance actions. In practice, replacement policies are prevailingly adopted to preventively maintain a system such as the age replacement policy and the block (periodic) replacement policy. In addition to replacement action, Barlow and Hunter  generalize the replacement policy by incorporating minimal repairs at failures. This model has been intensively investigated for various cases when the failure distribution of the system is known with certainty , , , , , ,  and . However, the failure distribution of a system is usually unknown or known with uncertain parameters in practice. In this case, it is necessary to select an appropriate estimation method to calculate accurately the parameter(s) of a given distribution and the expected mean life of the system. Researchers in this field include Gibbons and Vance , Lawless , Mann  Pan and Chen , Sinha and Sloan , Soland , Thoman et al.  and Varde . In particular, Sathe and Hancock  adopt a Bayesian approach by considering prior distributions on the shape and scale parameters of a Weibull failure distribution to derive the optimal replacement policy such that the expected long-run average cost is minimized. Taking a further step, Willson and Benmerzouga  investigate Bayesian group replacement policies for the case that the failure times are exponentially distributed. Bassin  introduce a Bayesian block replacement policy for a Weibull restoration process and derive the optimal overhaul interval when the expected repair cost is known. Moreover, when the repair cost is constant, Mazzuchi and Soyer  employ the Bayesian decision theoretic approach and develop a Weibull model for both the block replacement protocol with minimal repair and the traditional age replacement protocol. However, the repair cost for system failures may be random and unknown in practice. In this paper, we extend Mazzuchi and Soyer's model by allowing the minimal repair cost to be random. Furthermore, we propose an adaptive preventive maintenance model for a repairable system and develop a Bayesian technique to derive the optimal maintenance policy. In our model, a planned maintenance is carried out as soon as T time units have elapsed since the last maintenance action, if at Nth maintenance, the system is replaced rather than maintained. Furthermore, when the system fails before age T, it is either correctively maintained (or replaced after (N−1) maintenances) or minimally repaired depending on the random repair cost at failure. Here maintenance means planned maintenance or unplanned maintenance (corrective maintenance). The objective is to determine the optimal plan (in terms of N and T) which minimizes expected cost per unit of time. When the failure density is Weibull, a Bayesian approach is proposed to derive the optimal adaptive preventive maintenance policy with minimal repair such that the expected cost per unit time is minimized. The remainder of this paper is organized as follows. In the second section, the extended adaptive preventive maintenance policy is described in detail and the expected cost per unit time is formulated. In the third section, a Bayesian decision theoretic approach is established when the failure density is Weibull. Finally, some special cases of our model are discussed in detail.