ارزیابی کشف دانش یکپارچه شده و مدل فرایند داده کاوی
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|22283||2012||14 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||10040 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Expert Systems with Applications, Volume 39, Issue 13, 1 October 2012, Pages 11335–11348
Data Mining projects are implemented by following the knowledge discovery process. This process is highly complex and iterative in nature and comprises of several phases, starting off with business understanding, and followed by data understanding, data preparation, modeling, evaluation and deployment or implementation. Each phase comprises of several tasks. Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining (KDDM) process models are meant to provide prescriptive guidance towards the execution of the end-to-end knowledge discovery process, i.e. such models prescribe how exactly each one of the tasks in a Data Mining project can be implemented. Given this role, the quality of the process model used, affects the effectiveness and efficiency with which the knowledge discovery process can be implemented and therefore the outcome of the overall Data Mining project. This paper presents the results of the rigorous evaluation of the Integrated Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining (IKDDM) process model and compares it to the CRISP-DM process model. Results of statistical tests confirm that the IKDDM leads to more effective and efficient implementation of the knowledge discovery process
Today, data driven decision making is considered as the cornerstone of modern organizational strategy. It involves the mining of large volumes of data, in the quest for discovering nuggets of knowledge. In recent years Data Mining practitioners and researchers (e.g. CRISP-DM; Cios et al., 2000, Kurgan and Musilek, 2006 and Shearer, 2000) have recognized the need for formal Data Mining process models that prescribes the journey from converting data into knowledge. Kurgan and Musilek (2006), noted with regards to Data Mining “Before any attempt can be made to perform the extraction of this useful knowledge, an overall approach that describes how to extract knowledge needs to be established”. The Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining (KDDM) process is a multiphase process that includes: business understanding (also sometimes referred to as domain understanding), data preparation, modeling, evaluation and deployment or implementation phases (see Fig. 1). The KDDM process is highly iterative and complex, as each phase involves multiple tasks, and there are numerous intra-phase and inter-phase dependencies that exist between the various tasks of the process.Several KDDM process models have been proposed by researchers and practitioners. Examples include, Fayyad et al., 1996, Cabena et al., 1998, Cios et al., 2000 and CRISP-DM, 2003, and Berry and Linoff (1997). In a poll conducted by KDNuggets, 42% of the respondents chose CRISP-DM is the main methodology used by them for Data Mining (KDNuggets, 2007). Sharma and Osei-Bryson (2010) identified some significant limitations in existing KDDM process models and presented an integrated KDDM (IKDDM) process model to address these limitations. Since a KDDM process model is a design artifact, it should be subjected to formal evaluation as such an evaluation provides essential feedback which can then be used to refine the given artifact. It should be noted that to-date there has be no published research studies on formal evaluation of any of the KDDM process models. In this paper, we follow the methodology of Hevner, March, Park, and Ram (2004) to present the results of the formal evaluation of the static qualities of the IKDDM process model. We also compare the performance of the IKDDM process model with that of the CRISP-DM process model. The rest of the paper is organized as follows: Section 2 provides an overview of the KDDM process and includes a discussion on several serious limitations with previously proposed KDDM process models; Section 3 describes the measurement instrument used for comparing the quality of the IKDDM process model versus the CRISP-DM process model. Section 4 presents our evaluation methodology and the statistical results of the analytical testing and Section 5 presents a discussion of significant findings.
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
6. Discussion The results of Mann–Whitney test on the overall survey scores representing the quality of the process models indicate that a significant difference existed between the CRISP and IKDDM models. The test results clearly indicate that the IKDDM model outperformed the CRISP model by a highly significant margin (p < 0.001). This is an important result and signifies that users rated the effectiveness and efficacy of the IKDDM model as much higher than the CRISP model. The results of Mann–Whitney test across the four constructs also indicated that the IKDDM group and CRISP group significantly differed in their perceptions of ease of use, usefulness, semantic quality and levels of user satisfaction of the model employed by them to execute tasks in Data Mining. The IKDDM group reported significantly higher levels of perceived ease of use, perceived usefulness, semantic quality and user satisfaction as compared to the CRISP group. The results confirm that IKDDM is more effective and efficient than the CRISP model in executing tasks of the KDDM process. The limitations of existing KDDM process models (such as use of only a checklist approach, lack of explicit support towards execution of tasks) as identified in this research are certainly also perceived as being problematic by the Data Mining users. In keeping with the essence of design science research, the present design of the artifact can only be regarded as a “satisfactory solution” (Simon, 1996). However the initial results of the testing of IKDDM against CRISP (a leading model which is the most detailed of previously proposed models) has generated promising results. These can be regarded as a measure of the significance of the designed artifact, and its contribution to the existing knowledge base. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to conduct a rigorous formal evaluation of KDDM process models. More such studies are needed as they help to objectively assess the quality of such models and provide important directives in terms of improving these critical process models.