به کار بردن داده کاوی برای توانبخشی شناختی در بیماران مبتلا به آسیب به دست آمده مغز
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|22285||2013||7 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||5070 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Expert Systems with Applications, Volume 40, Issue 4, March 2013, Pages 1054–1060
Acquired brain injury (ABI) is one of the leading causes of death and disability in the world and is associated with high health care costs as a result of the acute treatment and long term rehabilitation involved. Different algorithms and methods have been proposed to predict the effectiveness of rehabilitation programs. In general, research has focused on predicting the overall improvement of patients with ABI. The purpose of this study is the novel application of data mining (DM) techniques to predict the outcomes of cognitive rehabilitation in patients with ABI. We generate three predictive models that allow us to obtain new knowledge to evaluate and improve the effectiveness of the cognitive rehabilitation process. Decision tree (DT), multilayer perceptron (MLP) and general regression neural network (GRNN) have been used to construct the prediction models. 10-fold cross validation was carried out in order to test the algorithms, using the Institut Guttmann Neurorehabilitation Hospital (IG) patients database. Performance of the models was tested through specificity, sensitivity and accuracy analysis and confusion matrix analysis. The experimental results obtained by DT are clearly superior with a prediction average accuracy of 90.38%, while MLP and GRRN obtained a 78.7% and 75.96%, respectively. This study allows to increase the knowledge about the contributing factors of an ABI patient recovery and to estimate treatment efficacy in individual patients.
Acquired brain injury (ABI) is one of the leading causes of death and disability in the world. In Europe, brain injuries from traumatic and non-traumatic causes are responsible for more years of disability than any other cause (The Lancet Neurology, 2010). Because most of these patients are young people, their remaining functional limitations and psychosocial problems contribute significantly to health care related costs and loss of productivity. After sustaining an ABI, patients have impairments consisting of not only physical, but also cognitive, social, and behavioral limitations. The most frequently occurring cognitive sequelae after an ABI pertain to mental process slowness, attention deficits, memory impairments, and executive problems. The injury dramatically changes the life of patients and their families (Pérez et al., 2010). The rapid growth on ABI case numbers and the importance of cognitive functions in daily activities, both demand efficient programs of cognitive rehabilitation. Recovery from ABI can be facilitated with cognitive rehabilitation. Cognitive rehabilitation aims to compensate, or restore when possible, lost brain functions, improving the quality of life of the patients (Fundaci Institut Guttmann, 2008 and Sohlberg & Mateer, 2001). One of the problems of the rehabilitation process is its time length, that in many cases is inadequate for a complete and effective rehabilitation. To improve and expand the cognitive rehabilitation process, automated systems for cognitive rehabilitation of patients with ABI have been recently introduced (Solana et al., 2011 and Tormos et al., 2009). These systems generate large amounts of data. The analysis of these data, using data mining techniques, allows us to obtain new knowledge to evaluate and improve the effectiveness of the rehabilitation process. Also using information analysis and data mining techniques, we can create predictive models and decision support systems for the treatment of patients with ABI. The data used in this study were obtained from the PREVIRNEC© platform. PREVIRNEC© is a cognitive tele-rehabilitation platform, developed over a web-based architecture based on web technologies and it’s conceived as a tool to enhance cognitive rehabilitation, strengthening the relationship between the neuropsychologist and the patient, extending the treatment duration and frequency, allowing personalization of treatment and monitoring the performance of rehabilitation tasks. PPREVIRNEC© has been developed during the past six years by the Universitat Rovira i Virgili and Technical University of Madrid (Spain), together with the Institut Guttmann Neurorehabilitation Hospital, IG (Spain) neuropsychology and research departments (Solana et al., 2011). This platform has been included in the hospital clinical protocols since 2005 and at the moment of this analysis PREVIRNEC© database stores 1120 patients, with a total of 183047 rehabilitation tasks executions. Different statistical methodologies and predictive data mining methods have been applied to predict clinical outcomes of rehabilitation of patients with ABI (Rughani et al., 2010, Ji et al., 2009, Pang et al., 2007, Segal et al., 2006, Brown et al., 2005, Rovlias and Kotsou, 2004 and Andrews et al., 2002). Most of these studies are focused in determining survival, predicting disability or the recovery of patients, and looking for the factors that are better at predicting the patient’s condition after suffering an ABI. The purpose of this study is the novel application of data mining to predict the outcomes of the cognitive rehabilitation of patients with ABI. Three algorithms were used in this study: decision tree (DT), multilayer perceptron (MLP) and a general regression neural network (GRNN). PREVIRNEC© database and IG’s Electronic Health Records (EHR) (Institut Guttmann Neurorehabilitation Hospital, 1997) has been used to test the algorithms. For assessing the algorithm’s accuracy of prediction, we used the most common performance measures: specificity, sensitivity, accuracy and confusion matrix. The results obtained were validated using the 10-fold cross-validation method. The remainder of this paper is organized as follows. Section 2 presents a brief introduction to data mining, the algorithms used in this research and a detailed description of the database. Section 3 shows the experimental results obtained. Section 4 presents a discussion of these results. Finally, Section 5 describes the summarized conclusions.
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
In this paper three prediction models, decision tree (DT), multilayer perceptron (MLP) and general regression neural network (GRNN) are developed and compared. These models were applied to a real clinical head injury data set provided by the Institute Guttmann Neurorehabilitation Hospital and several architectures were tested in order to obtain the best structure and performance for each of them. The reported results, especially by DT model (90.38% prediction average accuracy), indicate that it is feasible to estimate the outcome of ABI patients as a function of the cognitive affectation profile, obtained from the neuropsychological initial evaluation of the patient, and the rehabilitation process data collected by the PREVIRNEC© platform. Next steps would be to include more data derived from the clinical and demographic history of the patient, and also from the rehabilitation tasks performed as part of his cognitive rehabilitation treatment. Other future research would investigate different data mining approaches in order to achieve higher prediction rates. The findings from the present study led to an increase of knowledge in the field of rehabilitation theory. This will serve to the specialists to generate and validate clinical hypotheses as a previous step to the creation of personalized therapeutic interventions based on clinical evidence.