ویژگی های عمومی از ایمنی کار در چین
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|22364||2011||9 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||2497 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Procedia Engineering, Volume 26, 2011, Pages 1–9
This paper describes current work safety status in China and analyzes main features of it from socioeconomic viewpoint. Rapid economic speed has certain negative effect on work safety, much high proportion of industry such as mining, manufacturing and construction in national economy reflects high social risks, and low level of industrial workers, especially peasant workers increases human error risks and make it urgent and necessary to build a scientific and suitable education system to enhance work safety training. Different regions show obvious difference both in work safety and socioeconomic development, regional fatality rate in industrial accidents would decline with rise of regional economic income. Forceful work safety policies and measures made by the Government since 2002 have put the tendency toward higher frequency of accidents under effective control.
Work safety is essential for a country to keep social stability and to develop national economy in a healthy way. Work safety status among different countries or in different stages of a country diversifies with social and economic development [1-3]. The developed countries have better work safety situation than those of developing countries. According to “the five-stage work safety theory” , medium stage of industrialization is known as “accident-apt-occur” period, both number of accidents and fatalities increase rapidly. Today China is at medium stage of industrialization and undergoing a historical and profound society transition during which China is turning into a modern society with socialism marketing economy system from an ethic traditional country with planned economy system. Those changes in economy, politics, culture and social life may inevitably influence work safety in China and make it present specialcharacteristics. Therefore, this paper explored basic features, regularity and tendency of work safety in China by comparison analysis on work safety, social and economic development indexes such as GDP, three industrial proportions, labor force structure and regional economy. This study explored a new method to build a long-term system for work safety management so as to realize harmonious development of work safety, economy and society.
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
The concept of occupational accidents as a ‘disease of industrialization ’, although too simple, cannot be rejected completely. Up to a certain prosperity level, work safety is outcomes brought by certain economic development mechanism, let alone industrialization. Work safety could reflect certain characteristics due to features of economic development. The reasons for the severe situation of China’s work safety may include: high percentage of the second industry, rapid economic growth, low level of productivity, and lower education and skill of workers. Besides, the work safety supervision system, the legal environment, and the state’s input will also be influential. The Government has attached highest importance to work safety and health, strengthening the development of the legal systems and administration of work safety after 2000. The principle of “safety development” has been brought into strategy of constructing socialism harmonious society, which demonstrates the direction of work safety administration and offers stable ideological theoretical foundation and might spirit power. Forceful policies and measures have been taken focus on prominent issues in safety management such as closing numerous small mines and illegal mining with backward techniques, enlarging safety input and setting up trade entry system to lift the threshold of some high-risk industries. Both deaths toll and fatality rates decline continually in steady way from 2003 up to now. The following issues deserve our attention in the future work safety: