پذیرش و استفاده از یک سیستم اطلاعات کسب و کار به کسب و کار
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی|
|22614||2006||15 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید|
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Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : International Journal of Information Management, Volume 26, Issue 5, October 2006, Pages 386–400
Motivated by the need for a better understanding of the acceptance and use of business to business information systems, this study builds upon the technology acceptance model to study the use of an Internet business-to-business information system in a leading Chinese information technology provider and its distributors In particular the study investigates individual users’ acceptance of a business-to-business ordering system with a view to examining how users’ perception and use of the system in one company influences perception and use of the system in another. The results suggest that while both perceived ease of use and usefulness were influential factors in system utilisation at the user level, it was perceived usefulness that was the more influential factor The study also provides evidence that the processes by which an inter-organizational information system is accepted in one organisation have an impact on the acceptance of the same system in the other organisations.
User acceptance of technology has long been a traditional area of research in the information systems domain. The research findings suggest various factors that can influence users’ decisions when adopting technology. These factors include socio-cognitive factors such as perceptions and expectations of the technology and self-efficacy (Davis, 1989; Orlikowski & Gash, 1994; Venkatesh, 2000), relevance to task, (Goodhue & Thompson, 1995), and social and institutional factors (Lewis, Agarwal, & Sambamurthy, 2003; Venkatesh, Morris, Davis, & Davis, 2003). Such studies often focus however on technology acceptance among a homogenous group of users who work within the same company and interact with the same system through the same interface (e.g. Adams et al., 1992; Karahanna & Straub, 1999). Current trends in e-business indicate an increasing number of businesses connected with each other through the Internet in order to streamline their business processes. As this trend continues an interesting question arises as to what the criteria are that influence technology acceptance among heterogeneous as opposed to a homogenous group of users. What are the criteria for example that influence the acceptance of the same system used by separate groups of users but accessed via different interfaces? Investigating these questions can enhance understanding of business-to-business information systems beyond a set of core measurements (e.g. volume, diversity, breadth, and depth) (Massetti & Zmud, 1996), and ‘macro’ level issues (e.g. the acceptance of technology at the organisational level) (Hart & Saunders, 1997). Such an investigation is also relevant o the design and management of business-to-business information systems. This paper presents a study that investigated users’ acceptance of a business-to-business information system among heterogeneous user groups. The study assumes that users’ acceptance of an information system is largely influenced by how the system is perceived by its users. It is also argued that the use of information systems by one user group can influence the way in which the technology is perceived by other user groups. The theoretical foundation of the study is an adapted version of the technology acceptance model (TAM) that examines the influence of users’ perceived usefulness, ease of technology, and self-efficacy in computing, on their acceptance of the technology. The model helps determine what is regarded by the users as important when they consider the technology to be useful and/or easy to use. During 2003 a case study was carried out within a leading Chinese information technology provider, China Digital. In 2000 China Digital had launched an Internet-based business-to-business information system, I-Bridge, with the aim of supporting an ordering process distributed between itself and its distributors. In 2002 the I-Bridge project team conducted a user survey of the system among both its internal and external users. The results of the survey suggested that I-Bridge had not been as well received by users as the project team had expected. This current study followed up the use of I-Bridge within China Digital and among its distributors in two respects: (1) Users’ perceptions of I-Bridge in all participating companies (2) Users’ usage of I-Bridge in China Digital compared to users’ use of the system within its distributors. The paper is organised as follows. Section 2 reviews the literature on user acceptance of information systems; Section 3 presents the research design; Section 4 presents the case study; and Section 5 discusses the findings that emerged from the analysis of the case study. The paper concludes by addressing the implications of the case for research and practise in information systems.
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
The main contribution of this paper is its examination of users’ acceptance of technology in a business-to-business information system context. This has been achieved by conducting a case study informed by an understanding of user acceptance models. It was found that user attitudes are influenced by their beliefs about a specific technology, in particular their beliefs about the usefulness of the system. This finding will not be affected by whether it is an intra or inter–organisational information system. Nevertheless, we learned that issues concerning the management and implementation of business-to-business information systems are more complicated as management faces the needs of a heterogeneous user group (e.g. users from different organisations) rather than a homogeneous user group. The main focus of this study was the individual factors that can influence users’ perceptions in relation to the acceptance of business-to-business information systems. However recognition of the institutional factors that emerged from the investigation suggest that these also play an important part in influencing companies’ decisions about their adoption of business-to-business information systems.