ادغام سازمانی با استفاده از الگوی عامل : پایه های مبتنی بر چند عامل سیستم های اطلاعاتی تجاری یکپارچه
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی|
|22615||2006||31 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید|
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Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Decision Support Systems, Volume 42, Issue 1, October 2006, Pages 48–78
Enterprise integration through integrated business information systems (IBIS) is necessary to achieve agility in the current age of hyper-competition. Multi-agent systems (MAS) provide a new paradigm for IBIS development. In this paper, we review the IBIS modeling and MAS literatures and find that the MAS paradigm provides an excellent approach for modeling and implementing IBIS systems. We synthesize these two bodies of literature and propose a conceptual framework for multi-agent-based integrative business information systems (MIBIS) and a unified set of eight orthogonal ontological constructs that are minimally required for any conceptual modeling grammar for the MIBIS bounded universe of discourse.
To thrive in the current hypercompetitive environment, businesses not only need to integrate their internal stovepipe applications, they also need to integrate their application systems with their supply chain partners' systems. Both the practitioner publications and academic literature have noted the significant benefits that information systems integration both within and across the enterprise can bring about for businesses in terms of improved planning, timely deliveries, reduced inventories, reduced costs, improved product line in tune with market needs, and responsive and improved customer service. Information systems (IS) reengineering and integration became one of the most important IS issues in the early 1990s, driven by the call for business process simplification and cross-functional process integration, the key tenets in Hammer and Champy's  landmark work on business process reengineering (BPR). In fact, the top four IS issues that emerged from a 1994–1995 Delphi study of senior IT executives , pertain directly to the notions of IS responsiveness, reengineering, and integration.2 Work in these inter-related areas has continued since the early 1990s in both the information technology (IT) industry and the academia under a variety of labels including enterprise resource planning (ERP), enterprise application integration (EAI), integrated supply chains, and workflow management. Most of the enterprise and IS integration efforts have utilized the object-oriented (OO) paradigm and component-based architectures as the technological solution for the integration problem (e.g., Refs. , , , , , , ,  and ). However, some researchers have focused on the intelligent agent and multi-agent systems (MAS) approaches as more suitable alternatives for e-business and enterprise integration applications, and have developed and utilized agent approaches and technologies in e-business applications , , ,  and , business process management ,  and , supply chain management ,  and , enterprise integration , ,  and , and manufacturing  and . While the popularity and application of the agent technology in the business domain has grown over the recent years, the field is currently marked by unique and innovative approaches and architectures for solving the business and IS integration problem. There is currently a lack of a unifying framework that not only synthesizes literatures in the two pertinent streams—business/IS integration (e.g., BPR, ERP, workflow, etc.) and the MAS paradigm—but also provides a foundation for conceptual analysis and modeling of integrative business information systems based on the multi-agent systems paradigm. The goal of the present paper is to fill this void. We review relevant literature in these two key major areas and find that the MAS paradigm indeed provides an excellent approach and suitable mechanisms for developing integrative business information systems to achieve the goal of creating an integrated enterprise. We also synthesize the two bodies of literature and propose a conceptual framework for multi-agent-based integrative business information systems (MIBIS).3 We also identify a minimal set of orthogonal ontological constructs ,  and  that are central to the MIBIS bounded discourse universe .4 We take the approach of minimal ontological commitment  in our synthesis as we wish to identify only those ontological constructs that are absolutely essential for conceptual analysis and modeling of MIBIS systems. The paper is organized as follows. In Section 2, we discuss the role of information systems in business integration, define the concept of Integrative Business Information Systems (IBIS), and review a number of approaches authors have taken for conceptual analysis and modeling of such systems. In Section 3, we discuss the notion of agents, agent communication, multi-agent systems, and how multi-agent systems provide an appropriate architecture for IBIS using various coordination mechanisms. In Section 4, we synthesize the IBIS and MAS literatures, and develop a unifying multi-agent-based integrative business information systems (MIBIS) framework as a means for achieving business integration. In Section 5, we discuss why the constructs are necessary for the analysis and design of MIBIS systems and how they will help enterprise integration modeling. Finally, Section 6 concludes the paper.
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
Enterprise integration through integrated business information systems (IBIS) is one of the most important issues facing business enterprises in this age of hyper-competition. A high degree of agility and responsiveness, a competitive necessity, can only be achieved when enterprise work systems and supporting information systems are properly integrated. Our review above indicates that the multi-agent systems (MAS) paradigm provides an excellent architecture, technological platform, and modeling approach for developing and implementing IBIS systems that are flexible and can easily and quickly grow and adapt to changing business environments. Our synthesis of the IBIS modeling and MAS literatures has led us to propose a multi-agent-based integrative business information systems (MIBIS) conceptual framework and a unified set of eight orthogonal ontological constructs that are minimally required for any conceptual modeling grammar  for the MIBIS universe. Future research should develop formal semantics and axioms for the eight constructs identified in this paper and relationships among them as part of a formal conceptual modeling grammar for the MIBIS universe.