مدل های تعیین اندازه دسته تولید آرام سازی چند سطحی پویا
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|22689||2002||9 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||4243 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : International Journal of Production Economics, Volume 77, Issue 1, May 2002, Pages 53–61
In this paper the multi level dynamic lot sizing problem is analyzed when setup and holding costs do not depend on time. A zero–one integer programming formulation and its linear relaxation are investigated. The paper shows that for certain classes of problems the relaxed models provide integer solution when the number of periods is below a certain threshold. A counter example shows that at least six periods are required to obtain a unique non-integer solution of the relaxed problem.
Flexibility is one of the oldest themes of production and operations management. Lot sizing, as one of the most important elements of flexibility, has been playing an important role in the literature of production and operations management, especially since reducing setup costs and setup times has become one of the most effective tools. Parallel with this process, the notion of mass production began to decline, and today JIT, lean production, flexible manufacturing are among the main competing manufacturing paradigms. These changes in the manufacturing paradigms have been reflected by the EOQ-connected literature as well. The pioneer works of Porteus ,  and  deal first time with the problem of setup cost reduction in the EOQ model, however less attention has been paid to the same problem in dynamic case, i.e. when demand is not constant. As demand can rarely be fully smoothed, knowing the required level of setup cost reduction in order to decrease the number of setups during certain time periods, is an important issue for managers. Thus studying the robustness of a given optimal solution, especially with respect to setup cost, and knowing the nature of the problem are useful. The setup cost stability region (SR) for an optimal solution is defined as the set of all setup cost values for which a given solution remains optimal. The sensitivity analysis of the single level dynamic lot sizing problem arises first time in the paper of Richter  and – following the idea of dynamic programming – requiring cost inputs to have the same regeneration set for every time period, he could reveal a subset of SR. Later Richter and Vörös  have analyzed the multi-stage lot sizing problem but they could show results only based on the same assumption extended to the multi level problem. They also expressed that they could reveal the whole SR by using a full enumeration which is obviously not an effective way. The next step in this field was made by Chand and Vörös  when they applied a new approach to the problem. For the single level case – with backlogging – they proved that the total cost function is convex in the number of setups. (We mention also that the convex nature of the holding cost function – without backlogging – is also derived in the paper of . Similar results for the multi level dynamic lot-sizing case were published by Vörös . The nature of the multi level dynamic lot sizing problem has attracted many researchers (see for example , ,  and ) and the linear relaxation of the zero – one integer programming formulation of the dynamic lot sizing problem plays an important role in the analysis of the stability regions. When the zero – one formulation can be substituted by linear programming models the proof of some theorems required to identify stability regions becomes simple. When setup and holding costs can vary period by period, Pochet and Wolsey  defined a two level, four period problem for which the relaxed version has a unique non-integer solution. This paper shows that with time independent setup and holding costs the relaxed version of the integer problem with four and five periods has always integer solution. The paper presents a six period problem that has no optimal integer solution despite the fact that the setup and holding costs are constant through periods.
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
In this paper the facilities in series inventory model is analyzed. It is shown that with time-independent setup and holding costs the linear relaxation of the integer programming model has always integer solution till five period problems, and a six period problem is developed that has no integer solution. These findings extend our knowledge on the features of multi level dynamic lot sizing problems and facilitates the use of linear programming techniques for analyzing the robustness of dynamic lot sizing problems up to the size of M=2, T=5.