دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 23205
عنوان فارسی مقاله

حمایت سهامداران، تمرکز مالکیت و FDI

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
23205 2011 17 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.
عنوان انگلیسی
Shareholder protection, ownership concentration and FD
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Journal of Economics and Business, Volume 63, Issue 1, January–February 2011, Pages 69–85

کلمات کلیدی
- حمایت سهامداران - تمرکز مالکیت - سرمایه گذاری مستقیم خارجی
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله حمایت سهامداران، تمرکز مالکیت و FDI

چکیده انگلیسی

Host country's weaker legal shareholder protection may make it costlier for parent shareholders to monitor the foreign subsidiary and hold managers accountable in case of misconduct. This prospect may motivate the managers to invest in such foreign environments. However, the agency costs associated with such investments can increase as well. The latter would tend to discourage such FDI. We test this ex ante uncertain relationship using a sample of publicly quoted UK parents that established new, majority owned joint venture subsidiaries in Continental Europe. We find that host country's weak legal shareholder protection discourages FDI. This negative relationship, however, is less important for firms with higher ownership concentration, implying that parent's ownership concentration may be a substitute for host country's weak legal shareholder protection.

مقدمه انگلیسی

When ownership is separate from control, managerial investment decisions may be motivated by the pursuit of private benefits rather than by shareholder value maximization (Aggarwal and Samwick, 2006 and Jensen, 1986). For example, the managers may overinvest and build empires as increased size allows them to derive more private benefits (Hart & Moore, 1995). However, poor investment decisions are less likely if there are effective governance mechanisms such as strong legal shareholder protection or high ownership concentration (La Porta et al., 1998 and Shleifer and Vischny, 1986). The concern that managerial investment decisions may conflict with shareholder interests can be extended to foreign direct investment (FDI) decisions. If multinationalization makes the firm more complex (Kim, 2000) and, hence, harder to monitor, managerial autonomy and scope for pursuing private benefits can increase. Examples include Tyco and Parmalat. The managers of these firms used subsidiaries in countries with weak regulatory scrutiny to facilitate concealment and diversion (Desai, 2005). Hence, the concern that FDI may be motivated by managerial pursuit of private benefits rather than by shareholder value maximization is not unfounded. We focus on a sample of publicly quoted UK firms, and explore whether FDI location decisions are affected by the host country's level of legal shareholder protection and the parent firm's ownership concentration. A priori the relationship between host country shareholder protection and FDI is uncertain. As we argue in more detail in the next section, at least for joint venture (JV) subsidiaries, there are reasons to believe that host country's weaker legal shareholder protection may make it costlier for shareholders to monitor the subsidiary and hold managers accountable. This prospect may motivate the managers to invest in such environments. However, the agency costs associated with such investments can increase too. The latter would tend to discourage such FDI. We explore the relationship between FDI location choice and host country's level of shareholder protection for a sample UK parents that established majority owned foreign JVs in Western and Eastern Europe. We find that weaker shareholder protection in the host country discourages FDI. This negative relationship, however, is weakened as the ownership concentration of the parent firm increases implying that parent's ownership concentration may be a substitute for host country's weak legal shareholder protection. To the best of our knowledge, the existing literature on FDI determinants has not explored the possible interaction of host country's level of legal shareholder protection (an external monitoring mechanism) and the parent firm's ownership concentration (an internal monitoring mechanism). Studies that analyzed the relationship between host country's legal shareholder protection and firm level FDI do not account for the role of internal governance mechanisms such as ownership concentration (Bris and Cabolis, 2008 and Rossi and Volpin, 2004).1 Studies that investigate how the firm's ownership characteristics affect its FDI decisions, use aggregate firm level data and ignore variations in host country characteristics (Filatotchev et al., 2006, Sanders and Carpenter, 1998 and Tihanyi et al., 2003). Our work adds to the existing literature by accounting for both the external and the internal monitoring mechanisms, i.e. the host country's strength of legal shareholder protection and the investing firm's ownership concentration.

نتیجه گیری انگلیسی

Managers can pursue private benefits from investment decisions at the expense of shareholders. Strong legal shareholder protection or high ownership concentration can alleviate this problem. However, home country's strong shareholder protection may not easily travel to the host country, at least not for joint venture subsidiaries. Therefore, host country's level of shareholder protection may become relevant. Weaker legal shareholder protection in the host country may make it costlier for shareholders to monitor the subsidiary and hold managers accountable. This prospect may motivate the managers to invest in such environments in the pursuit of private benefits. However, the agency costs associated with such investments can increase too. The latter would tend to discourage such FDI. We test this ex ante uncertain relationship between the FDI location choice and host country's level of legal shareholder protection for a sample of publicly quoted UK firms that undertook new investments in Continental Europe between 1998 and 2001. The absolute majority of our sample subsidiaries are majority owned joint ventures. We find that weak legal shareholder protection in the host country reduces the likelihood of FDI. This negative relationship, however, is weakened as the ownership concentration of the parent firm increases implying that parent's ownership concentration may be a substitute for host country's weak legal shareholder protection.

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