دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 23422
عنوان فارسی مقاله

تحلیل هزینه - فایده در کنترل نویز راه آهن

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
23422 2000 5 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید 5880 کلمه
خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.
عنوان انگلیسی
COST–BENEFIT ANALYSIS IN RAILWAY NOISE CONTROL
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Journal of Sound and Vibration, Volume 231, Issue 3, 30 March 2000, Pages 505–509

کلمات کلیدی
تحلیل - هزینه - فایده - کنترل - نویز راه آهن -
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله تحلیل هزینه - فایده در کنترل نویز راه آهن

چکیده انگلیسی

A method to calculate the network-wide costs of realizing different noise control possibilities and their benefits in terms of noise reduction for lineside inhabitants has been implemented in Switzerland. These studies have shown that an optimal cost distribution consists of spending 65% of the available finances on rolling stock improvement, 30% on noise control barriers and 5% on insulated windows. This mix protects 70% of the lineside population for 30% of the cost necessary to attain threshold levels for all inhabitants. This noise control strategy has been accepted by the federal traffic and environment agencies involved and will save billions of Swiss francs. The success of the calculation methodology has prompted development of a Europe-wide decision support system to the same effect. Along two freight freeways the relationship between rolling stock improvement, noise barriers, insulated windows, operational measures and track characteristics is being studied. The decision support system will allow determination of those combinations with the best cost–benefit ratios. The study is currently being undertaken as a joint venture by the railways of Switzerland, France, Germany and the Netherlands as well as the European Rail Research Institute. The results constitute part of the negotiating strategy of the railways with European and national legislators.

خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.