دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 23748
عنوان فارسی مقاله

سیاست تجارت کردن در دراز مدت: یک مدل کینزی جدید با تغییرات و رشد پول

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
23748 2010 8 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
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عنوان انگلیسی
Policy trade-off in the long run: A new Keynesian model with technological change and money growth
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Economic Modelling, Volume 27, Issue 5, September 2010, Pages 943–950

کلمات کلیدی
- انعطافناپذیری اسمی - رفاه مرتبط با شکاف تولید - منحنی فیلیپس کینزی های جدید
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله سیاست تجارت کردن در دراز مدت: یک مدل کینزی جدید با تغییرات و رشد پول

چکیده انگلیسی

In this study, we introduce a constant rate of technological change and money growth into the standard new Keynesian model, in which both prices and nominal wages are supposed to be sticky. Using such a model, we examine whether a policy trade-off exists between curbing inflation and stabilizing the welfare-relevant output gap in the steady state. If we take only price stickiness into consideration, a policy trade-off does not occur. However, if both nominal wage stickiness and price stickiness are taken into consideration, a policy trade-off occurs.

مقدمه انگلیسی

In recent years, many studies have been conducted on the properties of the New Keynesian (NK) model, in which prices and nominal wages are supposed to be sticky.1 Generally, in the NK models, three output levels are defined as follows: • First-best level: The goods (labor) market is perfectly competitive and prices (nominal wages) are perfectly flexible. • Second-best level: The goods (labor) market is monopolistically competitive and prices (nominal wages) are perfectly flexible. • Actual level: The goods (labor) market is monopolistically competitive and prices (nominal wages) are sticky. The output gap is defined as the gap between the second-best level and the actual level, and the welfare-relevant output gap is defined as the gap between the first-best level and the actual level. The relationship between the output gap (welfare-relevant output gap) and the inflation rate has been examined in the NK model. In the standard NK model, in which only prices are supposed to be sticky, there is no trade-off between stabilizing the output gap (welfare-relevant output gap) and the inflation rate. Erceg et al. (2000) propose an NK model in which nominal wage stickiness and price stickiness are introduced, and show that a trade-off occurs in three variables: the output gap, the price inflation rate, and the wage inflation rate. In addition, Blanchard and Galí (2007) regard the absence of a trade-off between stabilizing the welfare-relevant output gap and the inflation rate in the standard NK model as unrealistic because it does not fit our experience, and call it a “divine coincidence.” They show that the divine coincidence can be eliminated by introducing real wage rigidities to the model.2 In the standard NK model, the gap between first- and second-best levels remains constant when there is a technology shock, but in Blanchard and Galí's (2007) model, the gap can fluctuate, and therefore trade-off occurs. These studies examine whether a policy trade-off occurs when a temporary technology shock occurs. In this study, we develop an argument about the policy trade-off in the long run. That is, we introduce a constant rate of productivity growth (technological change) and money growth to the NK model,3 and analyze whether the authority can stabilize the welfare-relevant output gap and inflation rate simultaneously in the steady state, when a change occurs in the technological change rate. First, we consider the case where prices are sticky but nominal wages are not. Next, we consider the case where both prices and nominal wages are sticky. Whether or not the nominal wage stickiness is taken into consideration will make a huge difference in the result. Our model does not introduce real imperfections such as real wage rigidities, unlike in Blanchard and Galí (2007). Hence, the gap between first- and second-best levels remains constant when a change occurs in the technological change rate. In this respect, our model is closer to Erceg et al.'s (2000) model than to Blanchard and Galí's (2007). Despite this, we do not consider the stabilization of the output gap as the central bank's target, but rather the stabilization of the welfare-relevant output gap. This is because in our model, the central bank can achieve the first-best output level by conducting a proper policy.4 In such a case, the central bank should set its target to stabilize the welfare-relevant output gap.

نتیجه گیری انگلیسی

In this study, we have proposed an NK model with a constant rate of technological change and money growth. Using this model, we have shown that nominal wage stickiness produces a policy trade-off in the steady state between curbing inflation and stabilizing the welfare-relevant output gap. Our study differs from the existing ones in the following points. Erceg et al., 2000 and Blanchard and Galí, 2007 present a short-run theory, in the sense that they assume a temporal shock to productivity as an exogenous disturbance, and consider whether a policy trade-off occurs. We, on the other hand, propose a long-run model, and consider a policy trade-off in the steady state when there is a change in the technological change rate. Moreover, in the standard NK model, the output gap—the gap between actual and second-best levels—disappears in the steady state. However, in our model, there is no guarantee that the actual level coincides with the second-best level in the steady state. This depends on the relation between the technological change rate and the money growth rate. Therefore, even in the steady state, the central bank is required to implement a proper monetary policy.

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