بهینه سازی نمونه کارها با محدودیت کاردینالیتی بر اساس تکامل دیفرانسیلی ترکیبی
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|23762||2012||7 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||2240 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : AASRI Procedia, Volume 1, 2012, Pages 311–317
A portfolio optimal model with cardinality constraints is researched, in which the minimum of Value-at-Risk is taken as the objective function. We give a hybrid differential evolution algorithm to solve the model and make the case study with sixteen alternative stocks from Shanghai and Shenzhen stock market. The numerical results show that the given model is reasonable and the given algorithm is effective.
Since 1970s, financial risk has emerged increasingly due to the economic globalization, the rapid development of the modern information technology and financial system innovation. How to control financial risks effectively becomes the focus to financial regulators and investors. Therefore, how to measure risk has been a very important research subject. In 1952, Markowitz  proposed the mean-variance model in which the variance is risk measure.Markowitz  and Mao discussed the mean semi-variance portfolio model in which the semi-variance is risk measure. In 1991, Konna and Yamazaki  adopted mean semi-absolute deviation as the risk measure and proposed a linear programming model of portfolio, which is called as the mean - absolute deviation model. This model can be solved effectively by linear programming method. But the study only measured the deviation level of future returns and expected returns, and didn’t make comprehensive accurate quantitative calculation to risk of loss. Consequently, the Group of Thirty proposed a new risk measure tool named VaR in 1993. VaR reflects a potential biggest loss of an asset or portfolio in a certain period and at the confidence level. But VaR does not satisfy subadditivity, so it is not a coherent risk measure. Uryasev and Rockafellar  proposed Conditional Value-at-Risk (CVaR) portfolio model and obtained approximate conclusion with VaR.In recent years, there has been much research on portfolio model based on VaR and CVaR which consider the actual market friction, such as transaction costs. But, research on portfolio with cardinality constraints is still not enough, for it is a mixed integer programming problem and difficult to solve by traditional methods.Paper  proposed heuristic algorithm for the portfolio optimization problem. Then, Paper  used local hybrid search algorithm to solve portfolio optimization problems with cardinality constraints.Yi Wang and Zhiping Chen  studied portfolio problem with cardinality constraints under multivariate distribution.We apply differential evolution algorithm to solve the problem in order to obtain reasonable results which ensured the feasibility of our solution. The numerical results show that the model is reasonable and the given hybrid algorithm is effective. That is to say, this paper provides an effective method for the portfolio optimization model with cardinality constraints.