دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 24131
عنوان فارسی مقاله

تحقیقات میدان در رابطه با جریان متناقض به عنوان معیاری برای تخلیه گسترده

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
24131 2010 10 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.
عنوان انگلیسی
Field research concerning contra-flow as a measure for massive evacuation
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Procedia Engineering, Volume 3, 2010, Pages 77–86

کلمات کلیدی
جریان متناقض - خط سیر معکوس - تخلیه - ترافیک - هلند
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله تحقیقات میدان در رابطه با جریان متناقض به عنوان معیاری برای تخلیه گسترده

چکیده انگلیسی

The present study concerns a practice test that aimed at investigating to what extent contra flow or reverse laning (Dutch: tegenverkeer) works well in the Netherlands and how participating car drivers evaluate it. Reverse laning may be a solution for a capacity problem in case all lanes of roads are needed to evacuate large areas. To that end, the lanes of the Bornholmstraat (an entry / exit street near the Euroborg Soccer Stadium in Groningen) were reversed in one, outward-bound direction after a selected FC Groningen soccer match. The coincidental participants received a short questionnaire that contained a few questions concerning their behavior, opinions and feelings about the evacuation. To maximize the response rate a bonus was announced; if they returned the questionnaire, it gave them a chance of winning VIP tickets for a FC Groningen match. The 690 useful respondents who had driven in the reversed lanes situation thought that the test setup was safe and understandable; 79.3% had chosen the right lane corresponding to their stated destination, 79.2% had felt safe. Capacity gains by an extra traffic lane in the outward-bound direction were estimated at 50 to 80%, leading to the conclusion that reverse laning may well be used in Dutch evacuation plans. Recommendations are made to that purpose.

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