سرمایه گذاری وتصمیم گیری مصرف بهینه یک خانواده با بیمه عمر
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|24284||2011||13 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||10750 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Insurance: Mathematics and Economics, Volume 48, Issue 2, March 2011, Pages 176–188
We study an optimal portfolio and consumption choice problem of a family that combines life insurance for parents who receive deterministic labor income until the fixed time TT. We consider utility functions of parents and children separately and assume that parents have an uncertain lifetime. If parents die before time TT, children have no labor income and they choose the optimal consumption and portfolio with remaining wealth and life insurance benefit. The object of the family is to maximize the weighted average of utility of parents and that of children. We obtain analytic solutions for the value function and the optimal policies, and then analyze how the changes of the weight of the parents’ utility function and other factors affect the optimal policies.
We investigate an optimal investment and consumption decision problem of the family with life insurance for parents. We assume that parents have an uncertain lifetime and while they are alive, they receive deterministic labor income until the fixed time T>0T>0. If parents die before time TT, children have no labor income until time TT and they choose their optimal policies with remaining wealth and life insurance benefit. We consider utility functions of parents and children separately. The object of the family is to maximize the weighted average of utility of parents and that of children. It is assumed that the utility functions of both parents and children belong to HARA utility class. Using HARA utility we impose the condition that instantaneous consumption rate should be above a given lower bound. Using the martingale method, analytic solutions for the value function and the optimal policies are derived. We analyze how the changes of the weight of the parents’ utility function and other factors, such as the family’s current wealth level and the fair discounted value of future labor income, affect the optimal policies and also illustrate some numerical examples. Since the 1960s, there have been much research on the analysis of the demand for life insurance. Yaari (1965) considered a consumption and life insurance premium choice problem and showed that if an individual has an uncertain lifetime and no bequest motive, it is optimal to annuitize all of savings. Hakansson (1969) examined life-cycle pattern of consumption and saving in a discrete time environment and found conditions under which zero insurance premium is optimal. Fischer (1973) also examined the optimal life insurance purchase by using the dynamic programming methods and obtained the formula of present value of future income which is different from the formula under a certain lifetime. Richard (1975) combined life insurance with the well-known continuous-time model of Merton, 1969 and Merton, 1971 for the optimal consumption and investment. Richard (1975) assumed that the individual’s lifetime is bounded and imposed a condition that the individual cannot purchase life insurance at the end of his lifetime. Also Campbell (1980), Lewis (1989), Hurd (1989) and Babbel and Ohtsuka (1989) examined the life insurance problems from different perspectives and gave us numerous insights into the demand for life insurance. Recently, Moore and Young (2006) studied the optimal consumption, investment, and insurance strategies for an individual. Pliska and Ye (2007) studied the optimal life insurance and consumption rules for a wage earner whose lifetime is random and Nielsen and Steffensen (2008) investigated optimal investment, and life insurance strategies under minimum and maximum constraints. Ye, 2006 and Ye, 2007 considered an optimal life insurance, consumption and portfolio choice problem with an uncertain lifetime and solved the problem by using the martingale method which we use to solve our problem. Huang et al. (2008), and Huang and Milevsky (2008) investigated an optimal life insurance, consumption and portfolio choice problem with a stochastic income process. They focused on the effect of correlation between the dynamics of financial capital and human capital on the optimal policies. They used a similarity reduction technique to find the numerical solution efficiently and found that the life insurance hedges human capital and is insensitive to the risk aversion. In addition to Merton, 1969 and Merton, 1971, many studies about continuous-time optimal investment and consumption choice problems have been carried out by Karatzas et al. (1986), Pliska (1986), Karatzas et al. (1987), and Cox and Huang (1989) and so on. Recently, portfolio selection problems under a preference change are investigated by Choi and Koo (2005), Stabile (2006), and Kwak et al. (2009). The rest of this paper proceeds as follows. In Section 2, we introduce our financial market and insurance market setup and derive the budget constraint of the family. We present the optimization problem of the family in Section 3. We derive the analytic solution for the value function of the family’s optimization problem and give the optimal policies in explicit forms. In Section 4 we analyze the effects of varying parameters on the optimal solutions with numerical examples, and Section 5 concludes. All detailed proofs in this paper are given in the appendices.
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
We investigate an optimal portfolio, consumption and life insurance premium choice problem of the family. Analytic solutions for the value function and the optimal policies are derived by the martingale method. We analyze the properties of the optimal policies, where the emphasis is placed on the role of α1α1 which is the weight of the parents’ utility function.