بررسی NASA از برنامه پژوهشی کسب و کار کوچک نوآورانه : شواهد اولیه از تجارت بین تجاریسازی و پژوهش های بنیادی
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|24355||2003||15 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||7843 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Research Policy, Volume 32, Issue 4, April 2003, Pages 605–619
In 1982, the Small Business Innovation Development Act established the small business innovation research (SBIR) program. This program reserves a percentage of federal agencies’ extramural R&D budgets for research projects conducted by small businesses. When this Act was reauthorized in 1992, the selection criteria for funding dramatically increased the likelihood of funding for projects that promised to lead to commercial success. Using data from a survey of the SBIR program award recipients at NASA Langley Research Center, we address three questions about this change: (i) was there a shift to projects with more commercial potential? (ii) did these projects experience higher rates of commercial success? and (iii) was there a reduction in basic research accompanying the increased commercial success? Our analysis suggests, the answer to all three of these questions is ‘yes’.
The Small Business Innovation Development Act of 19821 created a set aside program for research funded by federal agencies but conducted by small businesses. In 1992, the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program was reauthorized. The Small Business Innovation Reauthorization Act of 19922 both raised the percentage of research expenditures dedicated to the SBIR program and increased the importance of the goal of commercializing SBIR projects. In this paper, we investigate the effects of the change in importance of the commercialization goal using the results of a survey of SBIR projects funded by the NASA Langley Research Center.
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
Using a survey of the outcomes from the NASA Langley Research Center SBIR contracts, we have found that, ceteris paribus, there has been an increase in measured rates of commercial success in the SBIR program following the 1992 change in legislation reauthorizing the program. This is not a surprising result. Federal agencies, and their subunits, are usually very responsive to Congress. The 1992 legislation increased the emphasis on commercial success in the SBIR program, and we found that the NASA Langley Research Center responded accordingly. The important question is: were there the unintended consequences of this change?