دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 24962
عنوان فارسی مقاله

شوک های تکنولوژی و سیاست های پولی: ارزیابی عملکرد بانک فدرال

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
24962 2003 21 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.
عنوان انگلیسی
Technology shocks and monetary policy: assessing the Fed's performance
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Journal of Monetary Economics, Volume 50, Issue 4, May 2003, Pages 723–743

کلمات کلیدی
سیاست پولی بهینه - هدف قرار دادن پول - قوانین تیلور - رفتار بانک فدرال
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله شوک های تکنولوژی و سیاست های پولی: ارزیابی عملکرد بانک فدرال

چکیده انگلیسی

The purpose of the present paper is twofold. First, we characterize the Fed's systematic response to technology shocks and its implications for U.S. output, hours and inflation. Second, we evaluate the extent to which those responses can be accounted for by a simple monetary policy rule (including the optimal one) in the context of a standard business cycle model with sticky prices. Our main results can be described as follows: First, we detect significant differences across periods in the response of the economy (as well as the Fed's) to a technology shock. Second, the Fed's response to a technology shock in the Volcker–Greenspan period is consistent with an optimal monetary policy rule. Third, in the Pre-Volcker period the Fed's policy tended to overstabilize output at the cost of generating excessive inflation volatility. Our evidence reinforces recent results in the literature suggesting an improvement in the Fed's performance.

مقدمه انگلیسی

Since the seminal work of Taylor (1993), many macroeconomists have shifted their attention to the analysis of the endogenous component of monetary policy, and its role in shaping the responses of nominal and real variables to different shocks. The contribution of the present paper to that research program is twofold. First, we study the behavior of the Federal Reserve (Fed) in response to a specific source of fluctuations: technology shocks. Second, we evaluate the extent to which that policy response approximates the optimal one, using a standard dynamic sticky price model as a reference framework.1 We provide evidence on the economy's response to a technology shock that is based on a structural VAR, estimated using U.S. quarterly data for the period 1954–1998. Following the strategy adopted in Galı́ (1999), we identify a technology shock as the only source of the unit root in labor productivity. We analyze the estimated dynamic responses of a number of real and nominal variables to that shock, and assess how the observed Fed reaction may have influenced the economy's response. Furthermore, and motivated by recent evidence pointing to significant changes over time in the Fed's monetary policy rule, we analyze the differences across two subperiods: the Pre-Volcker period and the more recent Volcker–Greenspan era.2 Our theoretical analysis focuses on three alternative monetary policy rules. First, we derive and characterize the optimal policy. In the context of our model that policy is the one that fully stabilizes prices. Second, we derive the equilibrium responses to a technology shock of a number of variables under such a rule, and compare those responses to the ones generated by two alternative specifications of monetary policy: a simple Taylor rule and a constant money growth rule. We then confront the three sets of theoretical responses with the empirical ones, and try to ascertain which rule—if any—provides a better approximation to the systematic response of the Fed to the supply shocks under consideration. Our main results can be summarized as follows. First, we detect significant differences across periods in the response of interest rates, prices, and output to a technology shock. Second, the Fed's response to that shock in the Volcker–Greenspan period is consistent with an optimal rule. Third, in the Pre-Volcker period the Fed's policy tends to overstabilize output, thus generating excessive inflation volatility. Hence, our evidence reinforces recent results in the literature suggesting an improvement in the Fed's performance. The remainder of the paper is organized as follows. In Section 2 we derive and characterize the economy's equilibrium under the three rules considered. In Section 3 we present our evidence on the Fed's systematic response to technology shocks, and compare the empirical responses with the theoretical counterparts. Section 4 concludes.

نتیجه گیری انگلیسی

In this paper we have estimated the Fed's systematic response to technology shocks and its implications for U.S. output, hours and inflation. The analysis of that evidence allows us to evaluate the extent to which the Fed has sought to stabilize prices in response to such shocks, as would be prescribed by the optimal policy in an environment in which the presence of staggered price setting is the main distortion to be corrected by the monetary authority. Our key results can be summarized as follows. First, we detect significant differences across periods in the response of the economy (as well as the Fed's) to a technology shock. Second, the Fed's response to a technology shock in the Volcker–Greenspan period appears to be consistent with a rule that seeks to stabilize prices and the output gap. Third, estimates for the Pre-Volcker period suggest that the Fed's policy tended to over-stabilize output, thus generating excess volatility in inflation. Our evidence reinforces recent results in the literature suggesting an improvement over the postwar period in the way the Fed has conducted monetary policy.

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