روش برنامه ریزی خطی فازی برای حل مسائل مسیر بحرانی با پارامترهای فازی
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|25500||2014||11 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||8540 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Applied Soft Computing, Volume 21, August 2014, Pages 309–319
To the best of our knowledge, there is no method in the literature to find the fuzzy optimal solution of fully fuzzy critical path (FFCP) problems i.e., critical path problems in which all the parameters are represented by LR flat fuzzy numbers. In this paper, a new method is proposed for the same. Also, it is shown that it is better to use JMD representation of LR flat fuzzy numbers in the proposed method as compared to the other representation of LR flat fuzzy numbers.
In today's highly competitive business environment, project management's ability to schedule activities and monitor progress within strict cost, time and performance guidelines is becoming increasingly important to obtain competitive priorities such as on-time delivery and customization. In many situations, projects can be complicated and challenging to manage. When the activity times in the project are deterministic and known, critical path method (CPM) has been demonstrated to be a useful tool in managing projects in an efficient manner to meet this challenge. The purpose of CPM is to identify critical activities on the critical path so that resources may be concentrated on these activities in order to reduce the project length time. The successful implementation of CPM requires the availability of a clear determined time duration for each activity. However, in practical situations this requirement is usually hard to fulfill, since many of activities will be executed for the first time. To deal with such real life situations, Zadeh  introduced the concept of fuzzy set. Since there is always uncertainty about the time duration of activities in the network planning, due to which fuzzy critical path method (FCPM) was proposed since the late 1970s. For finding the fuzzy critical path, several approaches are proposed over the past years. The first method called FPERT, was proposed by Chanas and Kamburowski . They presented the project completion time in the form of fuzzy set in the time space. Gazdik  developed a fuzzy network of unknown project to estimate the activity durations and used fuzzy algebraic operators to calculate the duration of the project and its critical path. Kaufmann and Gupta  devoted a chapter of their book to the critical path method in which activity times are represented by triangular fuzzy numbers. McCahon and Lee  presented a new methodology to calculate the fuzzy completion project time. Nasution  proposed how to compute total floats and find critical paths in a project network. Yao and Lin  proposed a method for ranking fuzzy numbers without the need for any assumptions and have used both positive and negative values to define ordering which then is applied to CPM. Dubois et al.  extended the fuzzy arithmetic operational model to compute the latest starting time of each activity in a project network. Lin and Yao  introduced a fuzzy CPM based on statistical confidence-interval estimates and a signed distance ranking for (1 − α)fuzzy number levels. Liu  developed solution procedures for the critical path and the project crashing problems with fuzzy activity times in project planning. Liang and Han  presented an algorithm to perform fuzzy critical path analysis for project network problem. Zielinski  extended some results for interval numbers to the fuzzy case for determining the possibility distributions describing latest starting time for activities. Chen  proposed an approach based on the extension principle and linear programming (LP) formulation to critical path analysis in networks with fuzzy activity durations. Chen and Hsueh  presented a simple approach to solve the CPM problems with fuzzy activity times (being fuzzy numbers) on the basis of the linear programming formulation and the fuzzy number ranking method that are more realistic than crisp ones. Yakhchali and Ghodsypour  introduced the problems of determining possible values of earliest and latest starting times of an activity in networks with minimal time lags and imprecise durations that are represented by means of interval or fuzzy numbers. In this paper, a new method is proposed to find the fuzzy optimal solution of fully fuzzy critical path (FFCP) problems i.e., critical path problems in which all the parameters are represented by LR flat fuzzy numbers. Also, it is shown that it is better to use JMD representation of LR flat fuzzy numbers in the proposed method as compared to the other representation of LR flat fuzzy numbers. This paper is organized as follows: In Section 2, some basic definitions and arithmetic operations are presented. In Section 3, linear programming formulation of crisp critical path (CCP) problems and fuzzy critical path (FCP) problems are presented. The linear programming formulation of FFCP problems are proposed in Section 4. In Section 5, a new method is proposed to find the fuzzy optimal solution of FFCP problems and also the validity and advantages of the proposed method is discussed. In Section 6, JMD representation of LR flat fuzzy numbers is presented and advantages of JMD representation of LR flat fuzzy numbers over other existing representation of LR flat fuzzy numbers are discussed. Conclusion is discussed in Section 7.
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
On the basis of the presented study, it can be concluded that there is no method in the literature for solving the FFCP problems. In this paper, a new method is proposed for the same. Also, it can be concluded that it is better to represent the parameter of FFCP problems by JMD LR flat fuzzy numbers. The fuzzy matrix game with triangular/trapezoidal/interval payoffs has been extensively studied and achieved a great success in applications to many competitive decision problems , , ,  and . In future with the help of existing methods , , ,  and , we will try to develop new methods for fuzzy matrix games with payoffs as JMD LR fuzzy numbers.