تجزیه و تحلیل حساسیت از سیستم های افسار فضایی سیم برهنه
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|25577||2001||8 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||3063 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering, Volume 190, Issue 42, 3 August 2001, Pages 5495–5503
Hypergeometric series solutions are presented for the electrodynamic response of bare-wire tether systems, and are used to generate closed-form expressions for the sensitivity coefficients in the generator configuration. For the thruster configuration, the governing equations are in the form of three simultaneous differential equations, which do not allow closed-form solutions for the sensitivity coefficients to be generated, and therefore numerical solutions for the sensitivity coefficients are presented.
The concept of the bare-wire electrodynamic tether was first introduced by Sanmartı́n et al.  and  as a more efficient alternative to insulated electrodynamic tethers , ,  and . Insulated tethers had flown on several NASA missions, including the Tethered Satellite System (TSS) missions  and the Plasma Motor Generator (PMG) mission , but their electron capturing ability was limited to collection at specially designed end contactors. The planned NASA Propulsive Small Expendable Deployer System (ProSEDS) mission  and  will be the first NASA mission to evaluate the performance of a bare-wire tether system collecting electrons along much of the bare-wire section. Bare-wire tether systems operate in either a generator or a thruster configuration, as depicted in Fig. 1. In both configurations, an electric potential is induced along the tether due to its motion through earth's (or any other planet's) magnetic field. The subsequent positive potential bias of the tether relative to the space plasma allows the bare-wire portion of the tether to collect and transport electrons, creating a current flow in the tether. This electron transport terminates at the cathode end of the tether, where the electrons are emitted and returned to the plasma. Full-size image (14 K) Fig. 1. Generator and thruster configurations of the electrodynamic bare-wire tether: (a) generator; (b) thruster. Figure options The intended use of the induced current flow differentiates the generator configuration from the thruster configuration. In the generator configuration, the tether is upwardly deployed from the cathode and the current flow charges an on-board battery. When this tether is incorporated into an orbiting body, such as a satellite system or a space station, the charged battery can be used to continuously power the orbiting body's electrical needs, although at the cost of a Lorentz drag force which tends to de-orbit the body. In the thruster configuration, the tether is downwardly deployed and a battery compensates for voltage losses due to the tether's resistivity, insuring that the bare-wire portion is positively biased relative to the space plasma. The interaction of the current flow with earth's magnetic field produces a Lorentz force which tends to boost the attached orbiting body, at the cost of depleting the battery's stored electrical power. The goal of this study is to present sensitivity coefficients for both the generator and thruster configurations of the bare-wire tether system. These coefficients measure the sensitivity of the system to small changes in material and environmental parameters. The chosen generator configuration of Fig. 1 follows from the configuration of the ProSEDS mission, and differs from the original configuration proposed by Sanmartı́n et al.  by the modified location selected for the bare-wire section. The thruster configuration in Fig. 1 is identical to that used in .
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
Hypergeometric series solutions are obtained for the electrodynamic response of bare-wire tether systems. Closed-form expressions are obtained for the sensitivity coefficients in the generator configuration. For the thruster configuration, the sensitivity coefficients are evaluated numerically by solving the three simultaneous governing differential equations. The behavior of the sensitivity coefficients is studied over a range of dimensionless useful power and tether length ratios. In , a decoupled approach was utilized to simulate the de-orbiting of a rocket stage, where the electrodynamic response was calculated a priori. Using this approach, sensitivity coefficients with respect to several system parameters can not be calculated due to the use of the a priori tabulated data. The present electrodynamic tether models can be incorporated into dynamic finite element simulation codes to predict the coupled mechanical and electrodynamic response of space tether systems. The coupled approach can enhance the modeling fidelity and enable the evaluation of all sensitivity coefficients. Higher modeling fidelity is needed to assess the potential of the bare-wire tether system as a source of propellantless propulsion, or as a source of electrical power.