دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 25605
عنوان فارسی مقاله

تجزیه و تحلیل حساسیت طراحی سازه ها بر اساس تجزیه ارزش منحصر به فرد

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
25605 2002 18 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
خرید مقاله
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عنوان انگلیسی
Design sensitivity analysis of structures based upon the singular value decomposition
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering, Volume 191, Issue 32, 7 June 2002, Pages 3459–3476

کلمات کلیدی
طراحی تجزیه و تحلیل حساسیت - ارزش منحصر به فرد - تجزیه مقدار منفرد - بدترین بارگذاری پرونده - استحکام سازه - محدوده حساسیت -
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله تجزیه و تحلیل حساسیت طراحی سازه ها بر اساس تجزیه ارزش منحصر به فرد

چکیده انگلیسی

The singular value decomposition (SVD) is employed for design sensitivity analysis of structures. As the squares of singular values are the bounds of power, energy and power spectral density ratios between the input and output vectors, shaping the singular values of a structure is equivalent to shaping the response of the structure. Comparison is made of the proposed sensitivity analysis based upon the SVD with the conventional techniques. The issues such as structural robustness, worst loading case and multiple load cases are studied. As shown, design sensitivity analysis based upon the SVD can give good insight into static and dynamic response characteristics of structures; it is more informative than eigenvalue design sensitivity analysis and, in particular, computationally advantageous in case of multiple load cases. Numerical examples are presented to illustrate the proposed approach.

مقدمه انگلیسی

One of the most important tools in designing a structure is the sensitivity of a structural system to variations of its parameters. The design sensitivity analysis is concerned with the relationships between the parameters of a system and the system behavior characterized by some performance measures. For the review and exposition of the subject matter, the works [1], [2], [3], [7], [8], [9] and [11] and [18] can be cited. In design sensitivity studies, the sensitivity of structural response to variations in design variables is investigated by use of some performance measures under some constraints, which is accomplished by solving some algebraic equations, eigenvalue problems or ordinary differential equations. Investigations for the sensitivity analysis of structural response to changes in design parameters typically employ displacement, eigenvalue, eigenvector or stress as performance measures and constraints and, up to date, no attention is paid to the behavior of the singular values and singular vectors of structures. On the other hand, the singular value decomposition (SVD) based analysis is well suited to study input–output directional relationships of systems. In particular, singular values of a structure has a special meaning since the squares of singular values are the bounds of power, energy and power spectral density ratios between the input and output vectors; thus, shaping the singular values of a structure is equivalent to shaping the response of the structure. Furthermore, singular vectors tell us how the outputs are related to the inputs. The SVD is a very powerful tool that is utilized for studying input–output properties in multi-variable control systems, e.g., [4] and [17]. In this paper, under the interaction of computational mechanics and system theory disciplines, the SVD is applied to the design sensitivity analysis of structures. By considering finite element equations, static and dynamic response design sensitivity analyses of structures are investigated by use of the SVD. Comparison is made of the proposed sensitivity analysis based upon the SVD with the conventional techniques. As shown, the SVD based design sensitivity analysis can give good insight into static and dynamic response of structures; it is more informative than eigenvalue design sensitivity analysis and, in particular, computationally advantageous in case of multiple load cases. The outline of the article is as follows: some properties of the SVD are revisited in Section 2, and then the SVD is introduced to finite element equations of structural dynamics in Section 3. Singular value and singular vector sensitivity relationships are presented in Section 4. The proposed design sensitivity analysis based upon the SVD is implemented into model problems and compared with conventional techniques in Section 5, and conclusions are drawn in Section 6.

نتیجه گیری انگلیسی

In this paper, design sensitivity analysis based upon the SVD is developed, which can be employed for static response, dynamic response and eigenvalue design sensitivity analyses of structures. The proposed sensitivity analysis is compared with the conventional techniques. For the static and dynamic response of a structure, it is shown that since the singular values σi determine displacement magnitudes in a structure, minimization of σ1 is equivalent to minimization of the static and dynamic response magnitude of the structure. As the squares of singular values σi are directly related to power, energy and power spectral density ratios between the input and output vectors in a structure, shaping the singular values is the key to shaping the response of the structure, that will be further investigated in future studies. Furthermore, there is a close relationship between the σi loci and transfer function matrix components |Gij| loci in the frequency domain. On the other hand, singular vectors are directly related to input–output directional relationships in a structure; they tell us how the outputs are related to the inputs, that needs to be further investigated in future studies as well. In comparison to eigenvalue design sensitivity analysis that is valid only at resonance frequencies, singular value based design sensitivity analysis yields more information than eigenvalue design sensitivity analysis and enables to study the dynamic behavior of a structure in frequency domain completely. In sum, SVD based design sensitivity analysis can give good insight into static and dynamic response of structures. In particular, it is computationally advantageous in case of multiple load cases and finding the worst case loading and sensitivity bounds of a structure. Since these calculations only require the smallest and largest singular values and corresponding singular vectors rather than all of them, it is computationally cheap to employ the SVD based sensitivity analyses.

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