تجزیه و تحلیل حساسیت از مکانیسم واکنش شیمی فاز گازی از مخلوط H2 + O2 ناشی از یک سطح پلاتین داغ
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|25611||2002||20 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||10030 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Combustion and Flame, Volume 130, Issue 3, August 2002, Pages 241–260
Sensitivity analysis has been used to study the gas-phase chemistry near a hot catalytic wall. The gas mixture was H2/O2 in different proportions and the studied pressure range was 1 to 105 Pa. The reaction mechanism for a polycrystalline Pt surface was used to model the catalyst surface, at a temperature of 1300 K. It is found that the chemistry of water production is relatively simple. For pressures of 1 to 103 Pa it is the transport of reactants to the surface, via sticking, which determines the water concentration in the gas-phase. For these low pressures almost all water is produced on the surface since there is no combustion zone in the gas. The water which is produced on the surface will desorb and then escape from the reactor without any further reactions. The situation is much more complex when an intermediate species, such as the O atom, is considered. O atoms in the gas-phase are prone to react with other species. This gives a complicated interaction between the surface and the gas-phase chemistry. The consumption of O atoms in the reaction O + H2 ⇌ OH + H is a major inhibitor for the O-atom concentration. It is found that the O atoms which are created in the gas originate mainly from desorbed OH, since the reaction H2 + OH ⇌ H2O + H yields H atoms which contribute to O-atom production in the reaction H + O2 ⇌ OH + O. For the higher pressure range 104 to 105 Pa, there is a flame front at a certain distance from the surface, and the surface reactions are far less important than the gas-phase reactions. The reactions differ considerably in importance depending on whether the gas is fresh or burnt.
The present paper reports numerical steady-state studies of the influence of a catalytic Pt surface on the gas-phase chemistry for the 1/2O2 + H2 → H2O reaction in a stagnation-point flow reactor. This simple combustion process has the advantage of not involving carbon, which decreases the number of intermediate reactions considerably and thereby facilitates the analysis. The importance of gas-phase effects in heterogenous catalysis cannot be overemphasized because the pressures in many industrial applications are much higher than those in laboratory experiments.