تجزیه و تحلیل حساسیت طراحی و بهینه سازی توپولوژی سازه های غیر خطی، جابه جایی بارگذاری شده
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|25719||2003||16 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||5027 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering, Volume 192, Issues 22–24, 6 June 2003, Pages 2539–2553
A continuum-based design sensitivity analysis (DSA) method for geometrically nonlinear systems with nonhomogeneous boundary conditions is developed to topologically optimize the displacement–loaded nonlinear structures. In the adjoint variable method, the solution space requires just homogeneous boundary conditions even if the original system has nonhomogeneous ones. A design sensitivity expression for the instantaneous rigidity functional is derived for the displacement–loaded nonlinear topology optimization. The tangent stiffness is obtained at the end of the equilibrium iterations in the nonlinear analysis of the original system; this stiffness is used in the DSA so that no iteration would be necessary to evaluate the design sensitivity expressions. In force–loaded systems, the solution dose not converge easily because the material distributes sparsely sometimes during optimization. However, when the displacement–loaded system is used, there is no convergence difficulty.
Over the past few years, many researchers have studied design sensitivity analysis (DSA) methods for structural systems. Design sensitivity is defined as the variation of performance measures with respect to the design variables . In the continuum DSA approach, the design sensitivity expressions are obtained by taking the first-order variation of the continuum variational equation, which represents the structural system. The continuum DSA methods developed so far can handle several types of design variables. In this paper, a continuum DSA method for material property variation is considered for use in the topology design optimization. Topology optimization is a method that helps designers to find a suitable structural layout for the required structural performances. Ever since Bendsøe and Kikuchi  introduced the homogenization method, other methods have been developed for topology optimization. Design variables are the parameters of material distribution for each sub-domain of the discretized structural system. Therefore, many design parameters are used to find the best material distribution. The gradients of design parameters, known as design sensitivities, are required in gradient-based optimization methods. The conventional topology optimization method finds the best design of a linear structure that yields the stiffest structure by minimizing the compliance. The structure may deform excessively because the material in the structure becomes too sparsely distributed during optimization. In linear analysis, the abnormal deformation is not a critical matter because the consequence of the analysis, i.e. deformation, is never further used. On the other hand, in nonlinear incremental analysis, the results from the previous load step are again used to proceed to the next load step. Therefore, if the previous load step yields an unrealistic deformation, the iterative solution method may have difficulty in convergence ,  and . However, in this paper, prescribed displacements are used so that no such an erroneous deformation is occurred. Thus, the nonshape continuum DSA method that has homogeneous displacement boundary condition is extended to problems with nonhomogeneous displacement boundary condition. The adjoint variable method (AVM) is used to efficiently compute the design sensitivity. Displacement and rigidity are selected as the performance measures for use in the topology optimization. The developed DSA method combined with a gradient-based optimization algorithm is used in the topology optimization problems  and .
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
The continuum-based DSA method for material property design of geometrically nonlinear systems with nonhomogeneous boundary conditions is developed. This method is used to optimize the displacement–loaded nonlinear topology. In the adjoint variable method for the displacement–loaded systems, the solution space requires just homogeneous boundary conditions even if the original system has nonhomogeneous ones. Since the tangent stiffness at the end of equilibrium iterations in the nonlinear analysis of the original system is used in the design sensitivity analysis, no iteration is necessary to evaluate the design sensitivity expressions. The displacement–loaded topology optimization formulation is used to avoid the convergence difficulty. This difficulty, frequently reported in the other papers, is due to the too sparse material distribution during the optimization process. Through several numerical examples, we showed that the analytical DSA results agreed very well with the finite difference method and that more precise results for the nonlinear topology optimization could be obtained by using the nonlinear formulation.