فرمولاسیون یک فرآیند عددی برای تجزیه و تحلیل حساسیت امپدانس صوتی بر اساس روش المان مرزی غیرمستقیم
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|25720||2003||11 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||5942 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Engineering Analysis with Boundary Elements, Volume 27, Issue 7, July 2003, Pages 671–681
The objective of the work presented in this paper is the formulation, implementation and validation of an algorithm for computing the acoustic sensitivity with respect to the unequal impedance boundary conditions in an indirect boundary element method (IBEM). The IBEM integral equations are considered for all possible acoustic boundary conditions including velocity, pressure, unequal impedance, and simultaneous velocity and unequal impedance boundary conditions. The numerical system of equations is developed using a variational approach. The sensitivity formulation is based on analytically differentiating the system of equations formed by the variational approach with respect to the unequal acoustic impedance boundary conditions. Numerical sensitivity results obtained using the formulation developed in this paper are compared to analytical solutions in order to validate the new formulation.
The acoustic sensitivity analysis and design optimization aiming to reduce the structure-borne noise levels has been an active research area in recent years. The finite element method (FEM)  and  and the boundary element method (BEM) ,  and  are two major techniques for numerical acoustic analysis. Several developments have been presented in the past for computing the sensitivity of the acoustic response with respect to certain design variables , , , , , ,  and . The FEM was utilized to analyze the continuum Design Sensitivity Analysis problem for a structural acoustic system with respect to the changes in design variables such as the thickness and cross-sectional area of structural components . The sensitivity of the radiated acoustic power with respect to the change of acoustic velocities applied on the surface of a given structure was studied numerically using BEM  and . The design sensitivities of the radiated noise were computed using a finite difference method, where the design variables are perturbed slightly and the radiated noise is obtained using FEM . An algorithm for deriving the sensitivities of the acoustic response with respect to acoustic velocity and impedance parameters was developed based on the direct boundary element method . FEM and BEM were combined to analyze the structural/acoustic sensitivity with respect to structural design variables for both deterministic  and stochastic  excitations. A BEM formulation for the sensitivity analysis and shape identification of structures immersed in a fluid was also presented . The sensitivity analysis of the acoustic pressure with respect to the unequal values of the acoustic impedance boundary conditions applied on either side of a thin structure constitutes a new development for the acoustic sensitivity analysis. Values for the specific acoustic impedance z1 and z2 are assigned to each side of the surface of the structure, respectively. In engineering applications, these values represent the acoustic absorptive properties associated with each side of the surface and typically they are different from each other. The relationship between the change of the values in z1 and/or z2 and the acoustic pressure at certain field points of interest can be utilized in order to apply effective acoustic treatment. The formulation of the numerical acoustic impedance sensitivity analysis presented in this paper is based on the indirect boundary element method (IBEM) , , , ,  and . The IBEM is well suited for computing acoustic sensitivity with respect to unequal acoustic impedance boundary conditions due to its unique capability for simultaneously modeling the acoustic medium on both sides of a thin structure. The indirect boundary integral equations are first formulated for all possible acoustic boundary conditions including velocity boundary conditions, acoustic pressure boundary conditions, unequal acoustic impedance boundary conditions, and simultaneously applied structural velocity and unequal acoustic impedance boundary conditions. The integral equations are solved using a variational approach . A system of equations that relates the acoustic boundary conditions to the unknown primary variables on the surface of the boundary element model is obtained. An implicit differentiation is performed on the primary system of equations for deriving the sensitivity of the primary variables with respect to the unequal acoustic impedance boundary conditions. Thus, the differentiation is performed analytically on the functional of the integral equations formulated by the variational approach. Finally, the sensitivity of the acoustic pressure at certain field points with respect to the unequal impedance boundary conditions is computed by differentiating the boundary integral equations that relate the acoustic pressure at field points to the primary variables on the surface of the IBEM model. The sensitivity of the surface primary variables is also employed in this computation. The acoustic impedance sensitivity capability developed in this paper is validated using an analytical solution. The acoustic plane waves propagating inside a rectangular duct are analyzed and the numerical results are compared to the readily available analytical solutions. Three different sets of boundary conditions are analyzed for a wide range of acoustic impedance values in order to validate the numerical formulation.
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
A new numerical formulation based on IBEM is developed for computing the sensitivity of the acoustic pressure at any given field point with respect to the unequal acoustic impedance boundary conditions. The unequal acoustic impedance boundary conditions represent acoustic absorptive properties associated with each side of the surface of the boundary element model and in general, they are different from each other. The sensitivity computations can accommodate the presence of all possible types of acoustic boundary conditions including velocity, pressure, unequal impedance, and simultaneous velocity and unequal impedance boundary conditions. An analytical solution for plane waves propagating inside a duct is utilized for validating the developed acoustic sensitivity capabilities. Sensitivity results for the acoustic pressure at field points both in the interior and the exterior of the duct are computed numerically with respect to the acoustic impedance boundary conditions applied on sections of the boundary element model. The numerical results are compared to the analytical solutions and excellent correlations are observed.