تجزیه و تحلیل حساسیت سیستم های فضا عمل غیرمحافظه کار
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|25762||2004||15 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||5712 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Journal of Sound and Vibration, Volume 274, Issues 3–5, 22 July 2004, Pages 997–1011
An expression for the derivatives of eigenvalues and eigenvectors of non-conservative systems is presented. Contrary to previous methods that use state space form (2N-space) to consider damping, proposed method solves the eigenpair derivatives of damped system explicitly. The computation size of N-order is maintained and the eigenpair derivatives are obtained simultaneously from one equation so that it is efficient in CPU time and storage capacity. Moreover, this method can be extended to asymmetric non-conservative damped systems. Although additional problems are generated contrary to the eigenpair sensitivity methods of symmetric systems, in asymmetric case, an algebraic method for the eigenpair derivatives can be obtained through similar procedure. The proposed expression is derived by combining the differentiations of the eigenvalue problem and normalization condition into one linear algebraic equation. The numerical stability is proved by showing non-singularity of the proposed equation, and the efficiency of the derived expression is illustrated by considering a cantilever beam with lumped dampers and a whirling beam.
Natural frequencies and mode shapes of systems are essential to understand dynamic behavior of structure. However, design parameters can be varied with damage, deterioration, corrosion, etc. and this causes variation in natural frequency and mode shape. The variation of eigenpair brings about variation of dynamic behavior of systems and this affects the stability of structure directly. Therefore, eigen-sensitivity analysis has played a central part in structural stability analysis and has emerged as an important area of research. And eigenpair sensitivity is used in many areas, the optimization of structure subject to natural frequency, system identification, finite modelling updating, structural control, etc. A number of methods for eigenpair sensitivity of undamped system have been developed. Fox and Kapoor  finded the eigenpair derivatives with the term of system matrix and eigenpair. Nelson  represented eigenvector derivative by sum of the homogeneous solution and the particular solution, and Ojalvo  and Dailey  extended Nelson's method to the multiple eigenvalue problem. Modal method  and  and its modified one  and  approximated the mode shape derivatives by the linear combination of mode shapes, and Lee and Jung  and  presented the algebraic methods for eigenpair derivatives of systems having the distinct and multiple eigenvalue. A number of the prescribed methods can be applied to the damped systems. However, almost eigen-sensitivity methods have to use state space equation based on 2N-space to solve the problems induced by damping. These methods are at a disadvantage in CPU time and storage capacity because of double computation size. In order to overcome these drawbacks, Zimoch  presented direct method for the eigenpair derivatives of damped systems without use of state space equation. However, this method is restricted to mechanical systems because the available design parameter is limited to the component of the system matrices. Sodipon Adhikari  proposed eigen-sensitivity method based on N-space, too. However, it did not give exact solution and only is applicable to small sized damped systems. On the other hand, Lee et al.  and  developed analytical method that give exact solutions while it maintain ‘N-space’, but it finds eigenvalue derivative from classical method as before. Many eigenpair sensitivity methods are restricted to systems whose characteristic matrices are symmetric. However, a number of real systems have asymmetric mass, damping, and stiffness matrices, for example, the behavior of structure in fluid, moving vehicles on roads, the study of aircraft flutter and gyroscopic systems. It is difficult to solve the eigenpair sensitivity of asymmetric systems by using the previous methods because of additional problems due to asymmetric characteristic matrices. And this difficulty is possibly motivation for authors that have tried to solve the eigenpair sensitivity of asymmetric systems. Fox and Kapoor  presented exact expression for eigenpair derivatives of symmetric undamped systems in the earliest time and many authors ,  and  have extended his method  to asymmetric systems. Rudisill  solved the eigenvector derivatives of general matrices analytically and Murthy and Haftka  have written an excellent review on calculating the eigenpair derivatives of general matrices. However, above methods don't explicitly consider the damping of systems. Brandon  presented the modal method for asymmetric damped systems. This method solved the problems due to asymmetric matrices by using the left eigenvector. However, it has disadvantages in CPU time and storage capacity because it uses state space form to consider damping of systems and requires many of eigenpair information to find eigenpair sensitivity. In this paper, an efficient algebraic method for the eigenpair sensitivities of damped systems is presented. Contrary to previous methods the proposed method finds the eigenvalue and eigenvector sensitivities simultaneously from one equation. And the proposed method does not use state space equation (2N-space), instead of it, the method maintain ‘N-space’ because singularity problem is solved by using only a side condition. The proposed method gives exact solutions because it is the analytical method. And it only requires the corresponding eigenpair information differently from modal methods. Moreover, an efficient algebraic method for the eigenpair sensitivity of asymmetric damped systems is derived through similar procedure of symmetric case. The problems due to asymmetric system matrices are solved by finding the derivatives of eigenvalue and eigenvector simultaneously. It does not require the left eigenvector and state space form contrary to previous methods. And the solutions are also exact and numerically stable.
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
The exact expression for the eigenpair derivatives of damped system has been derived. In the proposed method, the eigenpair sensitivities of damped systems are obtained simultaneously from one equation. The approach taken here avoids the use of state space equation and considers the damping problem explicitly by introducing a side condition of differentiation of normalization condition. Therefore, computation size of N-order can be maintained and the CPU time of the proposed method can be improved to compare with previous methods. Moreover, the exact expression for the eigenpair derivatives of asymmetric damped system also has been derived. Traditional restriction of symmetry has not been imposed on the mass, damping and stiffness matrices. The method has solved the problems due to asymmetric system matrices by determining the eigenpair derivatives simultaneously from one equation, contrary to previous methods that use the left eigenvector to solve asymmetric properties.