تجزیه و تحلیل حساسیت آزمون های بالقوه برای تعیین مدول های برشی اینترلمینر از کامپوزیت های تقویت شده با الیاف
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|25765||2004||6 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||محاسبه نشده|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Composite Structures, Volume 66, Issues 1–4, October–December 2004, Pages 109–114
A sensitivity analysis using finite element (FE) simulations was conducted as part of an overall attempt to develop a new and robust parameter identification method for determining the interlaminar shear moduli G13 and G23 of laminated composite materials. It is proposed that the new method will use an integrated experimental and numerical technique. Six different shear and bending tests were investigated numerically using three-dimensional FE models to determine their suitability for this integrated technique. The sensitivity of the potential tests to changes in the different material properties, especially the interlaminar shear moduli, G13 and G23, and the elastic modulus in the through-thickness direction, E3, was determined. It was discovered that several configurations within three of the six potential tests considered are suitable for the new proposed parameter identification method. This is based on the criteria that they are more sensitive to the interlaminar shear moduli than to other material constants. When manufacturing factors were considered, the two most suitable tests were identified for use in the new proposed method.
Composite materials are becoming increasingly popular in the manufacture of structures and components in the aerospace and defence industries. As a consequence, it is particularly important that such composite structures and components can be manufactured in a cost effective and efficient manner. The trial and error process often employed in tooling development for manufacturing composite structures and components is a major contributor to unnecessary use of resources. This trial and error process is generally required as there is insufficient material data to allow for accurate predictions of the composite's behaviour during and after the curing process. In many cases, insufficient material data stems from the absence of reliable test methods to provide such information. Standardised test methods currently exist for most of the in-plane elastic and shear moduli and strength parameters of composite materials . However, test methods for obtaining interlaminar elastic and shear moduli are primitive at best . It is therefore imperative that a robust methodology for determining the interlaminar material properties of composite materials is developed. In particular, test methods for determining the interlaminar shear moduli, G13 and G23, are limited. This is largely attributable to the fact that conventional methods of direct stress and strain measurements cannot be easily adapted for the measurement of interlaminar properties. Utilising these conventional methods for determining the interlaminar shear moduli requires a extremely thick composite coupon to be manufactured, which has proven to be very difficult and costly . The Iosipescu shear test  and  is the only standardised procedure that has been used in attempts to determine the interlaminar shear moduli of composites. However, previous investigations have revealed that a pure shear state, which the Iosipescu test relies on, may not be achievable in the test ,  and . Mespoulet et al.  attempted to determine the interlaminar shear moduli using a test similar to that proposed by Post et al. . Two sides of a composite specimen were adhesively bonded to steel rails, and then loaded to shear. The specimens were strain-gauged on the two free sides. It was found that failure always occurred through a combination of shear and transverse tension, indicating a pure shear mode was not achieved in the test. The present authors believe that the interlaminar shear moduli can be determined by applying a parameter identification approach to a designed mechanical test. This approach involves minimising the difference between the experimentally measured and numerically predicted material response (usually displacements) by varying the interlaminar shear moduli. Consequently, the “optimal” interlaminar shear moduli can be determined with a relatively simple test. For this integrated experimental-numerical technique to be successful, it is important that the measured response in the mechanical test to be used is sensitive to changes in the interlaminar shear moduli while remaining relatively insensitive to changes in the other unknown material properties. In the present paper, six mechanical tests are numerically analysed using the finite element (FE) method. Their suitability for the proposed parameter identification method is determined by considering their sensitivity to changes in different material properties. The effect of the specimen's configuration on the sensitivity is also investigated. Potential test methods with their specimen configuration are proposed based on the analysis.
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
A new and robust parameter identification method has been proposed to determine the interlaminar shear moduli of laminated composites. The methodology endeavours to use an integrated experimental-numerical technique. In this paper, potential mechanical tests for the proposed method were identified by determining the sensitivity of six shear and bending tests to changes in different material constants, particularly to changes in the interlaminar shear moduli, G13 and G23, and the elastic modulus in the through-thickness direction, E3. Several different geometries and specimen configurations for each of the tests were investigated. Based on the results of the FE simulations, the following tests were found to be most suitable for the proposed integrated experimental-numerical technique: • Un-notched Iosipescu shear test (b=14.0 mm; a=40.0 mm) • Three-point bend test (t=12.0 mm; S=80.0 mm) • Off-axis tensile test (Ø=15.0°; L=200.0 mm) The anticipated manufacturing problems in laying-up the specimens for the off-axis tensile test mean that this mechanical test will be considered only as a back-up test in the event that the two other tests do not achieve the desired results. It is likely that the Iosipescu shear test will produce more accurate and dependable results than the three-point bend test provided that E3 is known to within approximately 5.0% of the actual value. In the event that this accuracy cannot be achieved, the three-point bend test will be used since its sensitivity to E3 is almost negligible.