یک مطالعه بر روی برنامه های کاربردی از تحلیل حساسیت طراحی آکوستیک ارتعاش بدن
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|25770||2004||20 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||محاسبه نشده|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Applied Acoustics, Volume 65, Issue 11, November 2004, Pages 1037–1056
The determination of the sensitivity of the acoustical characteristics of vibrating systems with respect to the variation of the design parameters predicting these characteristics is a necessary and important step of the acoustic design and optimization process. Acoustic design sensitivity analysis includes the computation and evaluation of the sensitivity information required for this procedure. In this study, a boundary element code performing the sensitivity analysis of the acoustic pressure by using the matrix sensitivities with respect to different design variables has been developed. The effect of the precision of boundary element discretization on the acoustic pressure sensitivity is examined via this code. The formulation is applied to a multi-source system and the dimension sensitivity analysis of near field pressures of two-dilating-spherical source is performed. The last application is devoted to a real sound source: a washing machine sitting on the floor. Sensitivity of the field pressures to the machine’s dimensions (size), surface velocity and frequency is examined on the bases of the boundary element model of the machine and half-space condition. The impacts of these variables are compared; and a limiting speed for the machine responding both the acoustical and operational requirements is determined.
It is one of the most important tasks in engineering to reduce the noise caused by vibrating bodies for designing comfortable and select products. The designer should investigate the optimum design parameters without reducing the operation performance. Design sensitivity analysis is the first and the most important step in the optimization problems, because it yields the information about the increment or the decrement tendency of the design objective function with respect to the design parameter. Therefore, acoustic sensitivity analysis plays an important role in determining which parameter of the vibrating body should be modified for effective improvement. Design analysis generally requires definition of the design objective function. The sensitivity of a design objective function with respect to a design variable is the partial derivative of the function with respect to a characteristic value of the design parameter. In acoustic design sensitivity analysis, design objective function may be the acoustic pressure or acoustic power. The changeable structural or acoustical parameters such as dimension, velocity and frequency may be chosen as the design variable. The researchers have concentrated on the acoustic design sensitivity analysis particularly in recent years. Most of these studies have been performed by using the boundary element method and concerned with the “shape sensitivity” analysis , , ,  and . However in the applications of these studies regular dimensional changes have been considered. Ding  has presented a literature survey for structural optimization problems and explained the “shape sensitivity” as irregular dimensional changes computed by using “master nodes which control the shape of a subregion or a design element”. Therefore, the “dimension sensitivity” terminology is used instead of “shape sensitivity” in this paper to examine the effect of a single dimension where the change is regular and established by controlling only one dimension. Bernhard and Smith  have developed a sensitivity analysis procedure based on the boundary element implementation of the Helmholtz integral equation, which utilizes the sensitivity of the boundary element matrices to different design variables. They have used the finite difference method to compute the matrix sensitivities; and illustrated the usefulness of the sensitivity information by obtaining sensitivity results of an engine valve cover. Kane et al.  have presented an acoustic shape design sensitivity formulation based upon the implicit differentiation of the discretized Helmholtz integral equation. Smith and Bernhard  have compared their method of design sensitivity analysis with an alternative method referred to as “recomputation (iteration)” method, for a spherical source. Koo  has presented analytical expressions for design sensitivity of acoustic problems obtained by differentiating the conventional boundary integral equation. Koo et al.  have presented another study based on their previous formulations with some new examples. Wang and Lee  have developed a sensitivity algorithm (GASA, global acoustic design sensitivity analyser) performing “global acoustic design sensitivity of exterior noise with respect to structural sizing design variables”. The calculation is based on the multiplication of acoustic sensitivity with respect to the normal velocity of the vibrating structure and structural sensitivity of the velocity with respect to the structural design variable, using the chain rule. Cunefare and Koopman  have developed an acoustic design sensitivity analysis technique similar to that of Bernhard and Smith  and applicable only for the sensitivity analysis of radiated power to the surface velocity change. In this study, acoustic design sensitivity analysis formulation presented by Bernhard and Smith  was used due to its generality and applicability for different design variables. In the applications of the formulation, acoustic pressure was considered as the design objective function and the dimension, surface velocity and frequency were selected as the design variables. A boundary element code was developed in order to compute pressures and different types of pressure sensitivities. As the first application, the effect of the precision of boundary element discretization on the acoustic pressure sensitivity was examined. The near and far field behaviours of pressure sensitivities were determined by means of the comparisons with the theoretical results of a dilating sphere. As the second, two-dilating-spherical source was considered as an application of the acoustic sensitivity analysis of vibrating multi-body systems. Pressure sensitivity of different near field points around the dilating spheres, with respect to the radii change was examined. As the third and last one, a washing machine was considered as a practical application including half-space condition. Acoustic field pressure sensitivities with respect to changes in the dimensions (size), surface velocity and frequency of the machine were computed individually and compared. A limiting value for the rotational speed of the machine is suggested with regard to the acoustic sensitivity solutions and operation performance.
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
This study aims to examine the acoustic design sensitivity concept and to put forth different aspects of this analysis by means of different applications. The first application, the computation of acoustic field pressure sensitivity of a dilating sphere with respect to the radius change, leads to the conclusion that the sensitivity information obtained by using a coarse model reflects the accurate tendency regionally in the near field and locally in the far field. The second application is for a radially non-symmetrical source, two-dilating-sphere. This analysis determines the field points at the back of the spheres as the most sensitive ones with respect to the radii increment. Although a downward tendency in the real and imaginary parts of the pressures is predicted in some wavenumbers, in general an upward tendency dominates over the pressure amplitudes in the whole range of wavenumbers. As a practical application of the sensitivity analysis which constitutes a vital place in the optimization process for designing comfortable and distinguished products, the tendencies of acoustic pressure sensitivity of the field points around a washing machine model with respect to the changes in the size, surface velocity and frequency are examined. This analysis shows that frequency is a less important parameter whereas surface velocity and size have more impacts on the field point pressures of the machine; and should be controlled for less noisy environment. In a washing machine design, high rotational speeds may be desired for effective squeezing, however, acoustic design may restrict this requirement up to around 1000 rpm.